Milgram's study of obedience

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What was Milgram's aim?
To test if Germans were different and to find out why people are obedient to authority figures.
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What type of sample was it?
Self-selected
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What did Milgram advertise the study being about?
About the effect of punishment on learning.
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What were the 'teachers' instructed to do to the 'learner' if they were wrong?
To give them an electric shock and with each wrong answer the voltage increased 15 volts.
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What was it that the 'learner' was meant to have learnt?
Word pairs such as 'blue hat'
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How many shocks were given to the participant?
One to devieve them into believing that the machine worked.
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Where did the study take place?
Yale University, America
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What was the voltage of the switches?
15-450 volts
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What did the experimenter have to use if 'teacher' (participant) refuses?
Verbal prods such as "please continue" or "the experiment requires that you continue".
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What percentage of participants gave shocks up to 300V?
100%
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What percentage of participants gave shocks up to 450V?
65%
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The high level of obedience suggests what?
That obedience is due to the situation i.e. perceived authority not the personality of the participant.
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How were the participants decieved?
Though that they and the confederate were given roles randomly, recieved shock from authentic-looking apparatus and verbal prods.
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How much were participants paid and what were they told in reference to being paid?
$4.50 and that they could leave if they wanted to and would still receive their payment (right to withdraw).
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Were they debriefed after?
Yes and introduced to the 'learner' to be sure that he was well.
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What was followed up after the debrief?
A questionnaire
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How many participants returned the questionnaire?
92%
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How many participants said they were happy to have taken part?
84%
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Was Milgram competent?
Yes as prior to studyd he asked colleagues what they predicted which shows he well thought out the study.
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What's the problem of it being a volunteer sample?
Biased so the findings may not generalise to the wider population.
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Why does the study lack validity?
The task isn't something usually expected to give electric shocks to other in a laboratory
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Where they protected from harm?
Put under pressure by the verbal prods and became distressed.
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What was the age range for participants advertised?
20-50 years old
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Gender of participants?
All male
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What type of sample was it?

Back

Self-selected

Card 3

Front

What did Milgram advertise the study being about?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the 'teachers' instructed to do to the 'learner' if they were wrong?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was it that the 'learner' was meant to have learnt?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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