Milgram's aims and context

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What were psychologists keen to prevent?
Events like the holocaust from happening again
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What was brutality cause by?
evil minds or just ordinary people
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what was milgram's quote
these inhumane policies such as death camps may have originated in the mind of a single person, but could they only be carried out on a massive scale if a very large number of persons obeyed orders
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Why was the holocaust believed to have happened?
'Germans are different'
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What personalities are they said to have had?
'authoritarian personalities'
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What study was conducted in 1950?
Adorno
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What did he suggest?
people with such personalities are intolerent and hostile towards those they see as inferior,eg:Jews
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What did Adorno also propose?
authoritarians would be extremely obedient to those they see as superior
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What was suggested about prejudices?
a result of a harsh upbringing that was displaced onto minority groups
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What other study was conducted in 1963
Arendt
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What did it involve?
A case study of Eichmann- the nazi responsible for implementing the final solution
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When was his trial?
1961
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What did his trial reveal?
He was not evil or sadistic but 'terrifyingly normal'
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What had eichmann just done?
followed orders from his superior, Heinrich Himmler
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By 1944 what had Eichmann done?
He had overseen the deaths of 6 million jews and others in the camps such as Auschwitz
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What was Milgram's first aim?
to find out in a controlled setting whether people would obey authority even when the command involves destructive behaviour
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What is the second aim of Milgram?
test the hypothesis that 'German's are different' and that there personalities led to the holocaust
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What was brutality cause by?

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evil minds or just ordinary people

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what was milgram's quote

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Why was the holocaust believed to have happened?

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What personalities are they said to have had?

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