Give 3 social assumptions
1. The influence on people's behaviour, thoughts and emotions. 2. Behave in a social conext even when you are alone. 3. A situation affects the behaviour of an individual.
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Which university did he do his experiment with?
Yale university.
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What was the study based on?
The conflict between obedicance to authority or personal conscience, and the justifications of the Germans in WW2.
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What does obedience mean?
This is to obey, do as someone asks, responding to an authority figure - someone with a higher status.
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What is the dispositional hypothesis mean?
This is the ideology of behaviour from an individuals' personaltity.
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What does the situational hypothesis mean?
This is the ideology of behaviour from the situation an idividual is in.
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What is the 'big idea' (DON'T USE THIS SAYING IN THE EXAM), and what does it mean?
The big idea is the Agentic Shift. Milgram came up with the idea that someone will give their responsiblity of doing something wrong, to another person who is in higher authority and values/morals don't come into play with obedience.
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What were the aims?
The aim was to investigate whether how obedient people are to orders from others in higher authority. The psychologists Milgram asked said that 3% would go all the way to 450 volts.
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What was the design?
A lab experiment/controlled observation OR a pre-experiment because it was only done in 1 condition.
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Give the participants: occupation, age, culture?
500 New Haven applicants to 40males aged between 20 and 50 - 40% white-collar workers & 22.5% professionals and 37.5% manual labourers. They were a self selecting sample. They were paid $4.50 and the experiment occurred at Yale.
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What kind of procedure was it?
It is a single blind experiment which means that the participants were deceived.
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Give the procedure how the role of the teacher and leaner happened
They were told that the experiments aim was to see how punishment affected learning. There was a confederate, playing the leaner and the participants played the teacher. They would both pick which person they were, and both said leaner.
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Describe the procedure for the actual experiment.
The leaner sat in a chair with electrodes attached to hi
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Describe the procedure for the electrocution.
The leaner sat in a chair with electrodes attached to him. The teacher would go next door with the experimenter and he would ask multiple choice questions. Everytime the leaner got a question wrong, he was electrocted. With each mistake volts go up.
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Give an example of what might of been asked?
1. Blue girl 2. Fat kneck 3. Nice day.
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What happened when the teacher shocked the leaner?
After some practices, the experiment began. Up to 300volts, the leaner didn't say anything. At 300volts, he pounded on the wall and gave no response. At 315volts, that would happen again. Form then on, no more noise.
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What was said when the participants didn't want to carry on?
CRAM: please contine, experiment requires you to continue, you absolutely contuine, you must continue.
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What was said if the participants asked for any psychical injuries?
1. Shocks maybe painful, there is no permenant injury. 2. Whether the leaner like it or not, you must continue.
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Give the quantitative data.
9/40 went to 300volts (22.5%), 26/40 went to 450volts (65%)
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Give the qualitative data.
Extreme tension, sweating, trembling, stuttering, biting lips, seizures.
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Give 3 conclusions.
1. More people were obedient than expected (3% to 65% went to 450 volts). 2. People found giving destructive orders very distressing. 3. The results support the situational, not the dispositional.
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Why was there such high obedience?
1. In a repsectable university. 2. They had volunteered so they will obey 3. The right to withdraw wasn't made clear, CRAM
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Evaluation: ecologically valid?
High: reducationists due to seixures/fits. Low: in a lab so unnatural behaviour.
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Evaluation: generalisable?
Small sample size (40), introverts would never go for these things - extroverts volunteered - real life and their choice.
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Evaluation: quant & qual?
Quant: obedience quantified & most went all the way. Qual: how people reacted: sweating, seizures
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Evaluation: controls?
The variables in the experiment: lab so no extraneous varibales.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Which university did he do his experiment with?


Yale university.

Card 3


What was the study based on?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What does obedience mean?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What is the dispositional hypothesis mean?


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