Milgram

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  • Created by: jessie
  • Created on: 06-02-14 16:00
what is the aim of the study?
which factors increase obedience and which factors increase independent behavior
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what type of method was used?
laboratory experiment
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what could be the independent variable of the experiment?
the prods given
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what is the dependent variable?
obedience measured by the level of voltage of electric shock and given to the learner
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what is the sample?
sample of 40 men aged 20 and 50
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how were the participants selected?
Responded to advertisements placed in local newspaper and business
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what was the procedure of the experiment?
each participant was introduced to Mr Wallace
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who was the learner of the experiment?
Mr Wallace was always the learner and the participant was always the teacher
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what was the teacher given before the experiment began?
an example electric shock ( 15v)
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what did the participants have to do in the experiment?
read out sets of word pairs and gave the stimulus word , with each mistake made the electric shock increased 15v
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what did the experimenter in the experiment do?
used prods and prompts to encourage obedience
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what controls were put in place in the experiment?
drawing straws - all participants believed that there had been a chance that they could have been the learner
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what other controls of the experiment are there?
the same prods and prompts were used for all participants
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what were the findings of the experiment?
26 out 40 men administered an electric shock of 450v that could have killed the learner, no participants refused to continue, all participants continued giving shocks up to 300v
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what type of qualitative data was collected from the experiment?
the participants trembled, shock and sweated, one had a seizure, participants often argued with the researcher
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what conclusions were made from the experiment?
Milgram proposed the concept of an agentic state to explain this high level of obedience, people pass the responsibility for the consequences of their behavior to the person in authority who gave the order
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what ethical issues arose from this study?
participants did not give consent, didn't know the true purpose of the study, participants were deceived
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

what type of method was used?

Back

laboratory experiment

Card 3

Front

what could be the independent variable of the experiment?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what is the dependent variable?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what is the sample?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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