Milgram 1962

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What was the aim of Milgrams study?
To investigate the process of obedience
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What type of study is Milgrams? Why?
A controlled observation because there was no IV for it to have been an experiment
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Where had Milgrams study taken place?
Yale university in a laboratory
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How many people took part in estimating the percentage of participants who would administer the highest level of shock in Milgrams study? What was their mean estimate?
14 Yale Seniors, all Psychology majors. Estimates ranged from 1-3 (mean 1.2)
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How many males and females took part in Milgrams study? Where we they from?
40 males from New Haven
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What was the age of the participants in Milgrams study?
20-50 years
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What kind of sample was used in Milgrams study?
Volunteer sample from a newspaper advertisement
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What did the participants in Milgrams study believe they were being assessed on?
A study of memory and learning
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What did the participants receive for turning up at the laboratory?
$4.50
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In Milgrams study, the participant was given a trial shock, how many volts was this shock and why did they do it?
45 volts and to show genuineness
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In Milgrams study, how much did the volts range? How much did each switch increase in voltage?
30 switches, ranging from 15-450 volts. The switches increased by 15 volts each time
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Describe the experimenter in Milgrams study
Confederate and wore a lab coat
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Describe the learner in Milgrams study
Confederate, he was a 47 year old accountant
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At what voltage did the learner stop making any noises in Milgrams study?
330 volts
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In Milgrams study, some participants would turn to the experimenter for advice on whether to proceed, what are the 'prods' the experimenter replied with?
"please continue/please go on" "the experimenter requires you continue" "it is absolutely essential that you continue" "you have no other choice you must go on"
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How was data gathered in Milgrams study?
through observations made by the experimenter and others who observed the process through one-way mirrors.
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How was the participants debriefed in Milgrams study?
the participant was reunited with the learner, reassured by being told that everyone had done the same and results were normal, the real aim of the study was explained, followed up for months after to check wellbeing
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What percentage of participants went to 450 volts in Milgrams study?
65%
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At what voltage did people begin to stop obeying in Milgrams study?
100% of the participants went up to 300 volts
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How many participants were obedient and how many were disobedient in Milgrams study?
26 participants were obedient and 14 were disobedient
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What signs of stress did some of the participants begin to show whilst administering the shocks in Milgrams study?
sweating, trembling, stuttering, nervous laughter and 3 had uncontrollable seizures
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Why did the participants obey in Milgrams study?
legitimate authority(experimenter in lab coat), at Yale university, shocks went up in stages not immediate, sense of obligation due to payment, new situation, demand characteristics
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What type of data was used in Milgrams study?
qualitative and quantitative data
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To what extent was Milgrams study controlled?
it was standardised and consistent; scripts(prods) were used, confederates, rooms and equipment was all the same, the learners responses were taped
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In a post-experimental interview, participants were asked 'how painful to the learner were the last few shocks you administered to him?' what was their mean response?
13.42 out of a 14 point scale
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How did Milgrams study break the ethics of psychology?
they were deceived, their was no informed consent, their was no REAL right to withdraw, protection of the participants could have led to psychological defects however they were checked up on, te
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To what extent did Milgrams study have ecological validity?
mirrors obedience to authoritative figures in uniform (police), although it was an unrealistic task in a unusual university (yale)
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What type of study is Milgrams? Why?

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A controlled observation because there was no IV for it to have been an experiment

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Where had Milgrams study taken place?

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Card 4

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How many people took part in estimating the percentage of participants who would administer the highest level of shock in Milgrams study? What was their mean estimate?

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Card 5

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How many males and females took part in Milgrams study? Where we they from?

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Comments

ccrozier576

thanks really helpful

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