Milestones and Characteristics (Toddlerhood)

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Gross motor: 12-18 months
sits in small chair; walks well, squats, picks things up from floor; climbs in adult chair; begins to run; pushes or pulls large toys; walks up stairs with assistance
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Gross motor: 18-24 months
runs, squats; kicks ball; climbs; walks up stairs without assistance; jumps with both feet
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Gross motor: 24 - 36 months
more efficient walking; walks down stairs without assistance; catches large ball against chest; begin to hop on one foot
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Fine motor: 12-18 months
point at pictures; stack up two blocks; scribble; drink and feed self with spoon (with spilling); removes socks
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Fine motor: 18-24 months
stack up 4-6 blocks; 4 rings on a stick; turn 2-3 pages at a time; throw small ball; paint using whole arm; imitate vertical line and circle; feed with fork and spoon
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Fine motor: 24 -36 months
draw lines and circles; turns single pages; holds crayons with thumb and finger; one hand predominates; stacks up to 9 blocks; uses fork to eat; clothes self without supervision or assistance
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Sensory integration:
fitness in balance and fluidity; imitation of action of others; new actions, new sensory experiences; ideation; motor planning; sense of self in world
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Cognitive:
habits; sensorimotor functioning; spontaneous repetition; no concentration; no reversibility;learning to share; no formal logic reasoning; doesn't understand time concepts; object permanence; simple casual relationship among events
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Cognitive: milestones
searches and finds toys; locates body part; know relationship of things and people; gives full name
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Cognitive: 12 months
understands functional purpose of objects; toy determines behavior; goal-directed behavior; uses tools in play to understand how things work
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Cognitive: 24 months
combine sequence of action
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Psychosocial/emotional: 12 months
sensitive to emotional cues; exhibits range of emotions
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Psychosocial/emotional: 24-36 months
regulation of emotional states
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Psychosocial/emotional: psychosocial chnge
Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt
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Psychosocial/emotional: 30 months
manage emotions; reassuring self-talk; develop substitute goals; forms emotional bonds and copes with separation
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Communication: 12-18 months
first words; imitates sounds; points and gestures to show something; understands simple instructions
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Communication: 18 - 24 months
combine words; adjective+noun; verbs + noun; imitates sounds and words more clearly
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Communication: 24 - 30 months
self-talk; tries to engage in conversation with others
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Communication: 30-36 months
can say own name; full sentences with expanded nouns; communicate time concepts
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Visual perception: 12 - 24 months
recognize familiar objects; interested in pictures; points to objects: visual cues
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Visual perception: 12 - 18 months
recognizes change; locates specific object; matches identical objects;
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Visual perception: 18 - 24 months
recognizes self in pictures; locate specific pictures in books
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Visual perception: 24 - 36 months
20/20 vision; interested in exploring environment; imitate placement of objects
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Occupational Patterns: Self-help / ADL (Bathing, Brushing, Dressing)
interest in bathing by 24 months; imitate brushing by 24 months; dressing cooperation (12 mo), undresses (24 mo), minimal dressing (36 mo)
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Occupational Patterns: Self-help / ADL (Toileting)
12 mo: regular bowel movement; 24 mo: potty training; 30 mo: rare bowel incidents; 33-39 mo: independent toileting
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Occupational Patterns: Self-help / ADL (Feeding)
18 mo: spoon and cup, booster seat; 12 mo: easily chewable; 18 mo: coarse food; 24 mo: all types of food
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Occupational Patterns: Play (12 - 18 mo)
Functional/relational: pretend play, imitative; Gross motor: rolls and crawls on ground; Social: parallel play, begins peer interaction
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Occupational Patterns: Play (18 - 24 mo)
Functional: multi-scheme combination; Gross motor: sensory input or gross motor play; Social: participates in groups of children, begins to take turns, watches other children; Pretend play
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Occupational Patterns: Play (24 - 36 mo)
Constructive: drawing and puzzles, imitates toys and parents; Gross motor: jumping, rough play, makes a mess; Social: associative, parallel play; symbolic play
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Occupational Patterns: Social Participation (12 - 18 mo)
moves away from parent, shares toy with parent, responds to facial expression of others
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Occupational Patterns: Social Participation (18 - 24 mo)
expresses affection; can feel frustrated; solitary play; laughs when someone does something silly
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Occupational Patterns: Social Participation (24 - 36 mo)
cooperative play; shows interest in peers; shy with strangers and adults; engages in dialogue; possessive of loved ones
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Cultural variables:
kapwa, hiya, utang na loob, breast feeding (24-30 mo), attentive parents
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Social variables:
poverty
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

runs, squats; kicks ball; climbs; walks up stairs without assistance; jumps with both feet

Back

Gross motor: 18-24 months

Card 3

Front

more efficient walking; walks down stairs without assistance; catches large ball against chest; begin to hop on one foot

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

point at pictures; stack up two blocks; scribble; drink and feed self with spoon (with spilling); removes socks

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

stack up 4-6 blocks; 4 rings on a stick; turn 2-3 pages at a time; throw small ball; paint using whole arm; imitate vertical line and circle; feed with fork and spoon

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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