Milestones and Characteristics (Neonatal)

HideShow resource information
Describe the general development of gross motor skills
Muscular development from head to toe; strength and coordination from proximal to distal; motor responses from general to specific
1 of 44
When does gross motor skills development start?
From the prenatal stage: intrauterine vestibular and tactile input
2 of 44
Describe the gross motor skills milestones of a neonate at 1 month
lift head when held against chest, sags when not supported; little movement of limbs
3 of 44
What is the predominating reflex at neonate's one month?
Tonic neck prone; arms and legs moving around
4 of 44
Describe the neonate's fine motor skills
hands fisted, hands move randomly, brings hand to mouth, sucks hand
5 of 44
What is the predominant fine motor skill reflex of the neonate?
Grasping reflex
6 of 44
How does the neonate react to tactile sensory integration?
Establishes primary attachment relationship to caregiver; fosters feelings of security
7 of 44
How does the neonate observe proprioception?
molds into the caregiver's body in a cuddling manner
8 of 44
Describe the vestibular sensory integration of the neonate
neonate's detects change in position of caregiver through pull of gravity via proprioceptive system; stimulates neck muscles to move head off caregiver's shoulder
9 of 44
How does sensory motor skill affect the neonate?
Neonate can interpret body sensations and respond reflexively; enjoys physical contact and tactile stimulation; exhibits ability to extinguish sensory information
10 of 44
How does the sensory motor skill help in taking in environment after birth?
Awake state: period of quietness to take in parents; Sleep state: deep sleep; nREM
11 of 44
What is least developed in the neonate? Why?
Visual perception; eyes are of no use in the uterus
12 of 44
How is the neonate's vision clarity measured?
Measured by visual acuity (the smallest pattern the neonate can see)
13 of 44
What colors are neonates most likely to see? least likely to see?
Middle wavelength colors (green, yello); short and long wavelength colors (red, orange; blue, violet)
14 of 44
Describe the concept of perceptual constancy in the neonate
Neonates are able to perceive an object's constant size early on
15 of 44
How does face recognition work for the neonate?
Neonates have innate ability to recognize faces; prefer to look at more attractive faces than less attractive; "attractiveness" is based on prototype faces it has encountered
16 of 44
How do neonates express themselves?
By sounds and facial expressions
17 of 44
What is crying and smiling considered as instead of as an emotional response?
reflexive reaction
18 of 44
How do neonates develop emotions?
Emotions develop as parents or caregivers interact with the neonate
19 of 44
What stage in Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Stages does the neonate go through?
Trust vs. Mistrust
20 of 44
How does a neonate look?
Neonates watch objects 12-15inches away from them, especially if it is moving from one field of their vision to another
21 of 44
What are some cognition milestones the neonate goes through
constantly looking around, following moving lights with their eyes, looking at a person briefly, investigate own hands and feet
22 of 44
What are some cognition characteristics for the neonate in terms of tasting and smell?
can distinguish tastes, prefer sweet liquids, expect food at certain times, recoil from unpleasant smells
23 of 44
What is a cognition characteristic the neonate displays in terms of touching
quietens when touched
24 of 44
What does the neonate do as a cognition response and milestone in terms of hearing
quietens when voice is heard, startle at loud sounds, turns to the direction of sounds, distinguishes sounds
25 of 44
What are some moving cognition milestones?
quietens as a response to touch, stops sucking when distracted, sleeps to avoid disturbing stimuli
26 of 44
What is the strongest reflex action for a neonate?
Sucking
27 of 44
How does the neonate respond to the environment?
By using reflexes
28 of 44
What is the first stage of neonate communication?
Cooing and babbling; gurgle like sounds with the use of velum
29 of 44
What does the occupational pattern of self-help/adl aim for in the neonate?
independence: mastery of body and environment
30 of 44
What is the main occupational aim for neonates?
Survival and nourishment
31 of 44
What occupational pattern (self-help/adl) does the neonate do in order to survive and get nourishment?
sucks and swallows
32 of 44
Describe the occupational pattern of toileting for the neonate
involuntary control, awareness of discomfort
33 of 44
How does the neonate perform the occupational pattern of grooming and hygiene?
prone with proper handling from caregiver; uses toothette for gums
34 of 44
Where does independence come from for the neonate?
Basic trust and mistrust, driven by hope, between parent and child
35 of 44
What is the importance for the occupational pattern of play for the neonate?
Main avenue or way for neonate to learn how to move, communicate, socialize, and understand their environment
36 of 44
What is the first thing the neonate learns through play in the first month
the neonate learns to interact, associate feel of touch, voice, face, and getting needs met
37 of 44
How does an neonate respond to voice during play?
by looking alert and becoming less active, will try to look for source of sound or voice
38 of 44
How does the neonate become familiar with comfort, nourishment and warmth through play?
by playing with the neonate while smiling and talking to the infant
39 of 44
What is the main theme of neonatal occupational patterns in social participation?
Trust vs. Mistrust
40 of 44
In the occupational patterns in social participation of a neonate, what is the theme of infant attachment and its importance?
Security vs. insecurity; for sense of security
41 of 44
What are neonates receptive to for social participation?
caring, caressing, low voices; hearing has a role in attachment
42 of 44
What are cultural variables that affect the Filipino child's development?
feeding practices, attentiveness of parents, co-sleeping practices
43 of 44
What are the social variables that affect the Filipino child's development?
Basic trust relationship (parent-child bonding), progressions of physical touch, roles of father and mother in the house,
44 of 44

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

From the prenatal stage: intrauterine vestibular and tactile input

Back

When does gross motor skills development start?

Card 3

Front

lift head when held against chest, sags when not supported; little movement of limbs

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Tonic neck prone; arms and legs moving around

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

hands fisted, hands move randomly, brings hand to mouth, sucks hand

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Other resources:

See all Other resources »See all Neonatal development resources »