Milestones and Characteristics (Infancy)

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What is the milestone achieve by an infant of 3-6 months old in terms of gross motor skills?
prone: turn head from side to side, put weight on arms; supine: tries to roll over, touches feet with hands; held in sitting position: hold head steady; held in standing position: bend knees, supports weight with legs
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What are the gross motor skills a 6-9month infant develops?
roll over, sit by self, crawl, can stand stiff-legged
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Gross motor skills for 9-12 months
has spatial orientation, can pull self to stand using furniture walks with hands held (9-10 months), walks by self (11-12 months)
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Fine motor skills: 1-4 months
can put together and pull away hands, lift head and shoulders from floor in prone position
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Fine motor skills: 4-8 months
grabs objects within reach, passes objects between hands, props self on arms on prone position
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Fine motor skills 8-12 months
reach and grab things to put to mouth, pincer grasp, purposely drop, hold, and pick up objects, hold out arm/leg in dressing, wave
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Cognitive: 0-4 months
can see 13 inches from face, begins to anticipate things, demand attention, enjoys repetitive, interactive play
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Cognitive: 4-8 months
recognizes and differentiate persons through face and mannerisms, initiates facial expressions, enjoys looking at other babies, enjoys play with hidden objects
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Cognition: 8-12 months
separation anxiety, stranger anxiety, object permanence, imitates gestures and actions
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Sensory: 0-8 months
recognizes scent of mother's milk; responds to sounds and voices; tracts objects with eyes; coordinates sucking, swallowing and breathing sequence
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Sensory: 8-12 months
2-3 minutes attention span; 10-12 hours sleep; uses tongue to move food around mouth; opens mouth to be fed; drinks from cup; tolerates range of different textured foods
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Emotional: 0-3 months
comforted by familiar adult; responds pleasantly to touch; listens to voices
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Emotional: 3-6 months
gives smiles and laughs; recognizes/differentiates facial expressions; cries when upset; enjoys looking at self and other babies; pays attention to own name
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Emotional: 6-9 months
expresses different distinct emotions; responds when talked/gestured to; starts to understand different emotions; comforts self by thumb-sucking or comfort blanket
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Emotional: 9-12 months
shows happiness; stranger anxiety and separation anxiety; responds to name
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Communication:
intentional communication for needs; nonverbal engagement cues and disengagement cues
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Communication: 0-3 months
cries, smiles, coos; listens to voices; quietens when picked up
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Communication: 3-6 months
smiles and laughs; cries when upset; shows excitement by waving arms and legs
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Communication: 6-9 months
babbles; reacts to loud, angry noises; responds to own name; loves to watch faces
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Communication: 9-11 months
tries to imitate sounds and facial movements; shouts or vocalizes loudly; "real speech" jargon; repeats syllables and sound sequencing
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Occupational Patterns: Self-help / ADL
Eating, sleeping, crying, bonding with caregiver, learning to communicate, moving with purpose, discovering the world
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Occupational Patterns: Play
Attunement play; body play and movement; object play; social play
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Occupational Patterns: Play (birth - 6 months)
sensory play; bonding with caregiver; plays with hands and feet; swipes, bats, reaches, etc. toys; give and take interactions; toys that engage senses
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Occupational Patterns: Play (6-12 months)
exploration; functional and manipulative play; poking; likes being held up; cause and effect toys
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Occupational Patterns: Social Participation (0-3months)
comforted by familiar adult; responds positively and quietens when picked up; listens to voices; shows pleasure in social stimulation
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Occupational Patterns: Social Participation (3-6 months)
recognizes faces; cries when upset; enjoy looking at other babies; recognize other people; enjoys looking at self in mirror;
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Occupational Patterns: Social Participation (6-9 months)
starts to understand different emotions; stranger anxiety; comforts self
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Occupational Patterns: Social Participation (9-12 months)
Separation and stranger anxiety; shows affection and love; pays attention to simple commands; fearful of new situations
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Cultural variables:
Filipino family; race, class, religion, traditions and culture, health practices, gender, housing. education, language
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Social variables:
close family ties and relationships; amount of love and care; support; family disintegration; parent absenteeism; violence; poverty; media;
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

roll over, sit by self, crawl, can stand stiff-legged

Back

What are the gross motor skills a 6-9month infant develops?

Card 3

Front

has spatial orientation, can pull self to stand using furniture walks with hands held (9-10 months), walks by self (11-12 months)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

can put together and pull away hands, lift head and shoulders from floor in prone position

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

grabs objects within reach, passes objects between hands, props self on arms on prone position

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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