Migration To/Within The EU Case Study

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How many people from Poland came to the UK between 2004 and 2007?
More than half a million.
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What are some of the push factors from Poland (in 2004)?
>High unemployment rate - around 19% >Low average wages - about one third of the average EU wage >Housing shortages - just over 300 homes for every 1000 people
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What are some of the pull factors of the UK?
>Ease of migration - the UK allowed unlimited migration in 2004 >More work and higher wages, e.g. high demand for tradesmen (like plumbers) >Good exchange rate - sending a few pounds back to Poland made a big difference to family at home.
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What are some of the impacts on Poland?
>Poland's population fell, and the birth rate fell because many who left were young >Shortage of workers in Poland, slowing the growth of the economy >Polish economy was boosted by the money sent home from emigrants - around €3 billion in 2006
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What were some of the impacts in the UK?
>The UK population went up slightly >Immigration boosted the UK economy, but a lot of money earned in the UK was sent home >New shops selling Polish products opened to serve Polish communities >Catholic Poles -attendance at Catholic church went up
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In 2001, how many African migrants were caught trying to get into Spain and refused?
45,000
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Many of the migrants are refugees. What are refugees?
People who have been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.
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What are some of the impacts on African countries?
>Working population is reduced so there are fewer people contributing to the economy >Families become separated when fleeing from wars
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What are some of the impacts on Spain?
>Social tension between immigrants and Spaniards >More unskilled workers in Spain, filling gaps in the labour market >Average wage for unskilled jobs have fallen - there are so many people who want the jobs >Birth rate has increased(young immigrants)
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Card 2

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What are some of the push factors from Poland (in 2004)?

Back

>High unemployment rate - around 19% >Low average wages - about one third of the average EU wage >Housing shortages - just over 300 homes for every 1000 people

Card 3

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What are some of the pull factors of the UK?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are some of the impacts on Poland?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were some of the impacts in the UK?

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