Migration, Mitigation and Sovereignty - Key words

  • Created by: laurace_
  • Created on: 08-05-18 20:46
Hukou system (China)
A government record of household registration, required by law, that identifies people as an official resident of an area and determines between rural and urban workers. It denies farmers certain rights to try and manage rural-urban migration.
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Voluntary migrant
Relocating as a choice from their own will
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Economic migrants
Move in order to find work, usually due to better pay or more job availability
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Someone who flees their country in order to find safety from disaster or conflict forcing them to leave
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Asylum seeker
Someone who seeks protection from another country but as not yet been classed as a refugee
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Family migrants
A secondary wave of migrants who move to join a family member who has settled in another areas
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When migrants try to associate themselves with the source country, through a gradual process of intergrating into the culture and traditions by adopting the language, local food and holidays.
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Neoclassic Economic migration theory
The main push and pull factors are wage differences
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Dual labour market migration theory
Developed countries bring migrant workers to fill lower skilled jobs that the home population don't want to do
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New Economics of labour migration theory
Migration is complex, with some households or social groups in source countries receive remittances from migrant family members to improve their living conditions
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Relative deprivation migration theory
Awareness of income differences between neighbours in a source community mean that news of succesful migrants who can now afford better school/housing can encourage further migration.
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World systems theory
Economic decline can occur in certain areas, causing people to move to more successful areas. Former colonies remain in connection with trade routes which encourages more migration between these countries (e.g British empire and commonwealth)
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economic freedoms involving; Trade liberalisation (removing tariffs and quotas), Freedom to invest (deregulation of financial markets), Open borders (e.g Schengen area)
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Nation state
A sovereign state where most of the citizens are united by factors that define a nation e.g. language or common heritage
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A sate of being all the same
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A group of people from the same source country in the same area in a host country
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Supreme power/authority or a state governed by itself
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United nations high commissioner for refugees - helps refugees and countries in crisis from disaster or conflict
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United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund - Provides 40% of the world's children with vaccines, and mosquito nets to countries to help prevent malaria. Doesn't get funds from UN budget
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World health organisation - works to provide global healthcare and support fro people around the world, whatever their social circumstance
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Hegemonic power
The ability of a powerful state or player to influence outcomes using a soft power approach e.g. diplomacy, aid and media
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HIPC policies
Heavily indebted poor countries - initiative launched in 1996 by WB and IMF with and aim of writing off debts fro eligeable countries on the condition they commit to poverty reduction through policy changes (e.g. Uganda)
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Economies of scale
If the production of a commodity is expanded then the unit price could fall. Products with fixed prices for units of output (e.g. the cost of running heat/electricity for a building) would become cheaper to run and therefor increase revenues further.
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The Washington consensus
Ideology about the 'western way' of organising capitalism which is the philosophy of the IMF and WB. They both have the aim of stabilising global finances
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Global commons
A global resource so large that it can't be owned by a single state, there are 4 main ones, Antarctica, the oceans, the atmosphere and space
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Transboundary water
A water source that occupies an area shared by more than one state
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A shared feeling for a specific geographical area that could be expressed by political identification and the sense of belonging to a nation. This area and people are then viewed as more important/significant than others
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Cultural cohesion
The capacity of different national and ethnic groups to make a mutual commitment to live together as citizens of the same state.
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Global citizenship
A way of living where a person identifies strongly with global scale issues, values and culture, rather than (or in addition to) a more specific national identity
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A political movement focused on national independence, or the abandonment of policies viewed as a threat to national sovereignty
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One of a numerous aspects of something e.g language is just one facet of someones identity
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Cultural landscape
Distinctive characteristics of a geographical region shaped over time by physical and human factors
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A cultural landscape constructed by a migrant population or minority ethnic group that reflects their culture in the place they have settled
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Sovereign wealth funds (SWF)
Government owned investment vehicles that allow foreign governments to own assets in other countries
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The act of separation from part of a state to create a new and fully independent country.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Relocating as a choice from their own will


Voluntary migrant

Card 3


Move in order to find work, usually due to better pay or more job availability


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


Someone who flees their country in order to find safety from disaster or conflict forcing them to leave


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


Someone who seeks protection from another country but as not yet been classed as a refugee


Preview of the back of card 5
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