Midwifery Knowledge and Research

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Random Controlled Trials...
Expensive, unethical, cannot answer Q about patient or practitioner attitudes, beliefs and behaviour, cannot answer Q about diagnostic accuracy or reliability
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Paradigms...
Patterns of belief and general assumptions, sets of philosophical underpinnings from which research approaches follow
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Paradigms in quant research...
Positivism and post-positivism
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Paradigms in qual research...
interpretive and constructivism
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Case-control studies...
Type of obs study, conducted in retrospect, matched with a 'control', unable to attribute causation
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The Bradford-Hill Criteria...
Temporal relationship, strength, dose-response relationship, consistency, plausibility, consideration of alternative expl, experient, specificity, coherence
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Rigour...
Trustworthiness
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Reliability...
Dependability
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Validity...
Credibility
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Generalisability...
Transferability
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Objectivity...
Confirmability
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Peer review...
asking another researcher to analyse raw data
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Grounded Theory...
To generate or discover a theory
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Data saturation...
Nothing new coming from data
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Ethnography...
The study of culture
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Dependent variable...
the outcome of interest
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Independent variable...
the intervention factor
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Single blind...
one person knows which arm of the trial they are in, but the person assessing the outcome does not know
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Double blind...
neither p nor person assessing outcome knows arm
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Card 2

Front

Patterns of belief and general assumptions, sets of philosophical underpinnings from which research approaches follow

Back

Paradigms...

Card 3

Front

Positivism and post-positivism

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

interpretive and constructivism

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Type of obs study, conducted in retrospect, matched with a 'control', unable to attribute causation

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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