Microorganisms

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Microorganism.
A microorganism is any living thing such as a virus or bacteria, that can only be seen using a microscope.
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Pathogen
A Microorganism that causes Disease.
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Viruses
Seen by very powerful Microscopes. They cannot Reproduce on their own, but take over other microorganisms and force them to make more viruses.
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Bacteria
Bigger than Viruses. They can reproduce on their own (Binary Fission)
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Fungus
Between 10 and 100 times bigger than bacterial cells. They also reproduce on their own by usually using Asexual Reproduction.
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Protozoa
Single Celled organism, Larger than Bacteria and viruses.
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Disease That is easily passed on is...
an Infection. Can enter the body, through openings such as cuts or the mouth.
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Transmission of Pathogens
Direct Contact...Contact with an infected persons belongings... Droplets in the Air(Cough or Sneeze)... Contaminated Food... Contaminated Water... Carried by Animals.
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Controlling Disease
Washing Hands, Clean water by Filtering and Purifying/Chlorinating
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Direct Contact
e.g. Chickenpox, STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease) (Virus)
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Contact with Infected persons Belongings
e.g. Athlete's Foot (Fungus)
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Air Droplets
e.g. Influenza, Tuberculosis, Measles, Chickenpox (Viruses)
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Contaminated Food
Typhoid (Virus), Food Poisoning(Bacteria)
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Contaminated Water
Cholera, Typhoid (Viruses)
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Carried by Animals
Malaria (Protozoa), Bubonic Plague (Bacteria), Rabies (Virus)
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Barriers Against Disease
Your Skin
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A Microorganism that causes Disease.

Back

Pathogen

Card 3

Front

Seen by very powerful Microscopes. They cannot Reproduce on their own, but take over other microorganisms and force them to make more viruses.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Bigger than Viruses. They can reproduce on their own (Binary Fission)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Between 10 and 100 times bigger than bacterial cells. They also reproduce on their own by usually using Asexual Reproduction.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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