Methods in context - experiments.

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What did Haney et al do?
Looked at the way prisons dehumanise both prisoners and staff in a simulated prison.
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What are some ethical problems of using laboratory experiments to investigate crime and deviance?
Many research issues are sensitive. Recreating these may have harmful effects (e.g. depression). Children are very vulnerable - Bandura et al investigated aggression in children which could have psychological harm.
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How are laboratory experiments not valid in relation to crime and deviance?
Most aspects can't be studied in a laboratory and those that can tend to be generalised.
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What was the 'tougher regimes' project?
When the 'short sharp shock' approach was introduced, 2 institutions for convicted youths were selected to trial it and 4 others as a control. It was discovered that the 'short sharp shock' didn't have any significant effect.
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What are some ethical problems of using field experiments to investigate crime and deviance?
An individual's chances of being rehabilitated could be affected by which group they are in. Researchers have no control over the use of their findings
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Nick Tilley and reliability.
He worked on a 'safer cities' strategy that worked in one place, but when introduced to other places didn't work as well because the places were different.
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How are field experiments not valid in relation to crime and deviance?
Even if the participants don't know they are being watched, word gets around and they may find out. Could lead to the Hawthorne effect.
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Card 2

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Many research issues are sensitive. Recreating these may have harmful effects (e.g. depression). Children are very vulnerable - Bandura et al investigated aggression in children which could have psychological harm.

Back

What are some ethical problems of using laboratory experiments to investigate crime and deviance?

Card 3

Front

Most aspects can't be studied in a laboratory and those that can tend to be generalised.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

When the 'short sharp shock' approach was introduced, 2 institutions for convicted youths were selected to trial it and 4 others as a control. It was discovered that the 'short sharp shock' didn't have any significant effect.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An individual's chances of being rehabilitated could be affected by which group they are in. Researchers have no control over the use of their findings

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Preview of the back of card 5
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