methodologies Issues and Debates

  • Created by: lilly557
  • Created on: 24-04-14 08:01
Where does a lab experiment take place?
In an artificial and controlled setting which isn't natural to the participants
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What variable is mulipulated ?
Independant variable
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True or false the dependant variable is measured to see the effect of the IV?
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What other variables could affect the results?
confounding and extrenuous variables
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What can be drawn from a lab experiment?
Cause and effect
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Are Lab studies reliable explain your anwser?
yes because the careful controls mean they can be tested for reliability by carrying study out again achieving the same results
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What study can represent lab experiments?
Loftus and palmer
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where does a field experiment take place?
in a natural environment of the participants
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Are the other variables controled?
Yes however they have less control because it's in a natural setting
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Can a cause and effect be drawn?
yes as far as is possible within a natural setting
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Are field experiments reliable? Explain your anwser
Yes because of the careful controls making it easily replicated
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One study that represents field experiment?
Hofling et al nurses obedience study
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What is a naturalistic experiment?
involves a naturally occuring , independant variable and dependant variable which is measured to see the effect
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Is a naturalistic experiment valid? explain your anwser
Yes because it occurs is a natural environment and the task occurs naturally
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What may affect the cause and effect?
confounding variables meaning the IV may not change the DV
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One study that represents naturalistic experiment?
Charlton et al Children on St helens TV study
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What is a non-particpant observational research?
Where the researcher doesnt particpate in the task
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What is a participation observational research?
when the researcher takes part in the task
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Define covert?
where participants are unaware they are being observed
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Define overt?
where participants are aware of being observed
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if observation taks place in a natural setting what does it make it in terms of evaluation
ecological valid as the setting is natural for the participants making the behaviour observed natural
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how can you make observational data reliable?
get more than one researcher to observe the situation
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what is a questionnaire?
a list of questions that involve asking a number of participants in order to gather data
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what type of data does closed questions gather?
quantative data
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whats a positive of using qualitative data?
indepth anwsers understanding participants emotions and detailed responses to the question
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One positive of using closed questions?
easy to analyse
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One questionnaire study used ?
loftus and palmer leading questions
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when is a content analysis used?
to analyse written or recorded information e.g. newspapers or TV
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what type of testing can be carried out ?
statistical testing e.g. spearman rank or chi-square
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when can a correlational technique be used?
if there is quantative data inolving two scores from each participant in a research method
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what does a positive correlation mean?
that as scores on one scale rise so do scores on the other
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What is a negative correlation?
scores will move in opposite directions as one gets higher the other decreases
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One study that uses correlations?
Madon et al self fulfilling prophecy
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What is a case study?
involves indepth and detailed research
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How will they follow a person or group of people?
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What variable is mulipulated ?


Independant variable

Card 3


True or false the dependant variable is measured to see the effect of the IV?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What other variables could affect the results?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What can be drawn from a lab experiment?


Preview of the front of card 5
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