Merton's strain theory

Functionalist, strain and subcultural theories

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  • Created by: ncs1997
  • Created on: 25-03-15 12:13
What 2 elements does Merton combine?
Structural factors and cultural factors.
1 of 5
How does the strain between the 2 result in deviance?
A culture engourages individuals to aspire to a goal that the strucutre of society doesn't allow them to legitimately acheive.
2 of 5
How does the American Dream show this?
Americans are expected to be successful through legitimate means, but not everyone have the same opportunities.
3 of 5
What are the 5 deviant adaptations to strain and briefly explain.
Conformity - accept goals and means. Innovation - accepts goals but reject means. Ritualism - Reject goals but accept means. Retreatism - reject both goals and means. Rebellion - reject both goals and means but create their own.
4 of 5
5 criticisms of Merton.
Takes official statistics at face value. Ignores the power of the ruling class (Marxist). Assumes there is a value consensus. Only accounts for utilitarian crime. Ignores group devaince.
5 of 5

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A culture engourages individuals to aspire to a goal that the strucutre of society doesn't allow them to legitimately acheive.

Back

How does the strain between the 2 result in deviance?

Card 3

Front

Americans are expected to be successful through legitimate means, but not everyone have the same opportunities.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Conformity - accept goals and means. Innovation - accepts goals but reject means. Ritualism - Reject goals but accept means. Retreatism - reject both goals and means. Rebellion - reject both goals and means but create their own.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Takes official statistics at face value. Ignores the power of the ruling class (Marxist). Assumes there is a value consensus. Only accounts for utilitarian crime. Ignores group devaince.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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