Mens rea cases

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Moloney (1985)
D shot step-father, D didn't aim the gun. Ratio- jury may infer intent if the result was a natural consequence of his actions and the defendant foresaw this.
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Hancock & Shankland (1986)
Ds were miners on strike. Threw concrete block on taxi, killed taxi driver. Ratio- the jury may now infer intent if the result was a probable and natural consequence and the defendant foresaw this.
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Nedrick (1986)
D had grudge against woman, poured parrafin through letter box and set house on fire, killed child in fire. Ratio- intention may be inferred if the result was virtually certain to follow and the defendant foresaw this.
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Woolin (1998)
D threw baby at pram, hit the wall and died. Ratio- jury not entitled to FIND necessary intention unless they feel death or GBH was a VC as result of Ds actions & D appreciated this was the case.
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Matthews & Alleyne (2003)
Chucked V into river, knew he couldn't swim, they left & he drowned. Ratio- confirms Woollin, If a jury foresaw the virtual certainty of death or GBH, they can find intention but do not have to.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Ds were miners on strike. Threw concrete block on taxi, killed taxi driver. Ratio- the jury may now infer intent if the result was a probable and natural consequence and the defendant foresaw this.

Back

Hancock & Shankland (1986)

Card 3

Front

D had grudge against woman, poured parrafin through letter box and set house on fire, killed child in fire. Ratio- intention may be inferred if the result was virtually certain to follow and the defendant foresaw this.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

D threw baby at pram, hit the wall and died. Ratio- jury not entitled to FIND necessary intention unless they feel death or GBH was a VC as result of Ds actions & D appreciated this was the case.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Chucked V into river, knew he couldn't swim, they left & he drowned. Ratio- confirms Woollin, If a jury foresaw the virtual certainty of death or GBH, they can find intention but do not have to.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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