Memory Key Words

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  • Created by: Hope
  • Created on: 16-02-15 13:02
STM (Short Term Memory)
Memory for immediate events. Limited duration and capacity if not rehearsed. Encodes acoustically.
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LTM (Long Term Memory)
Memory for events that have happened in the past. Potentially unlimited duration and capacity. Encodes semanitcally
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Duration
Measure of how long a memory lasts before no longer available
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Capacity
Measure of how much can be held in the memory. Measured in chunks
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Encoding
The way information is changed so that it can be stored in the memory. Semantic/Acoustic
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Chunking
Miller proposed that the capacity of STM can be enhanced by grouping sets of digits or letters into meaningful units or 'chunks'
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Sensory Store/Memory
This is the information at the senses-information collected by your eyes, ears, nose, fingers and so on. Retained for a very brief period.
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Central Executive
Monitors and coordinates all other mental functions in working memory
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Phonological Loop
Encodes speech sounds in working memory, typically involving maintenance rehearsal
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Maintenance Rehearsal
Repeating words over and over again
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Visuo-Spatial Sketchpad
Encodes visual information in terms of separate objects as well as the arrangement of these objects in ones visual field
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Episodic Buffer
Receives input from many sources, temporarily stores this information, and then intergrates it in order to construct mental image of what is being experienced
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Word-Length Effect
The observation that people remember lists of short words better than lists of long words
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Eyewitness Testimony
The evidence provided in court by a person who witnessed a crime with a view identifying the perpetrator of the crime.
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Misleading Information
A question that, either by its form or content, suggests to the witness what answer is desired or leads him to the desired answer.
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Anxiety
An unpleasant emotional state where we fear that something bad is about to happen
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Memory for events that have happened in the past. Potentially unlimited duration and capacity. Encodes semanitcally

Back

LTM (Long Term Memory)

Card 3

Front

Measure of how long a memory lasts before no longer available

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Measure of how much can be held in the memory. Measured in chunks

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The way information is changed so that it can be stored in the memory. Semantic/Acoustic

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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