Memory Key Terms

HideShow resource information
Short-Term Memory
a temporary store where small amounts of information can be kept for brief periods. It is a fragile store and information can be easily lost
1 of 12
Long-Term Memory
a permanent store where limitless amounts of information can be stored for long periods of time
2 of 12
Capacity
the amount of information that can be held in memory at any one timeD
3 of 12
Duration
the length of time that memories can be held
4 of 12
Encoding
the way in which information is represented in the memory store e.g. by sound, meaning or image
5 of 12
Sensory Memory
a set of limited capacity, modality-specific stores that hold information for a very brief period of time
6 of 12
Displacement
a type of forgetting where the items currently in the limited capacity STM are pushed out before being transferred to LTM to make room for incoming items
7 of 12
Interference
a type of forgetting where information stored in LTM is confused with similar information
8 of 12
Free Recall
a way of testing memory where participants can recall items from a list in any order
9 of 12
Digit Span Technique
a way of measuring the capacity of STM. Participants have to repeat back strings of digits in order of presentation
10 of 12
Serial Recall
a way of testing STM where participants are required to recall items in the order of presentation
11 of 12
Pseudo-Word
a combination of letters that sounds as though it could be an English word but actually does not exist (e.g. nym)
12 of 12

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a permanent store where limitless amounts of information can be stored for long periods of time

Back

Long-Term Memory

Card 3

Front

the amount of information that can be held in memory at any one timeD

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the length of time that memories can be held

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the way in which information is represented in the memory store e.g. by sound, meaning or image

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Memory resources »