Memory All Studies

Studies in Memory

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Murdock
MSM - primacy/recency effect - list of words flashed up on a board for 2 seconds and participants remembered first and last words better than the middle
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Peterson and Peterson
MSM - is rehearsal necessary to store information in the short term store? - learn trigrams and then count backwards in threes for different lengths of time - virtually forgot everything in 18 seconds
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Bartlett
reconstructive memory - War of Ghosts retell story could not store unfamiliar information so changed it
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Wynn and Logie
Reconstructive memory - research into Bartlett - can people store familiar information and recall it accurately? - ask university students about personal experiences of first week at university
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Craik and Lockhart
levels of processing - ask questions about words and then pick words out of superficial list
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Underwood and Postman
interference - new learning affects old learning - two groups one group learns two lists and one group learns one list and then both groups tested on one list
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Godden and Baddeley
Context - context affects how well individuals accurately recall information - do you recall information better when you are recalling it in the place you learned it? - scuba diving taught to four groups two of which were in context and two were not
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Milner et al
anterograde - patient suffering epilepsy had hippocampus removed (2/3) - after operation unable to remember anything before the damage occurred - this was diagnosed as retro
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Russel and Nathan
retrograde - 22 year old patient fell off motorcycle, banged his head and suffered severe concussion - x-rays showed no fracture of skull yet he could not recall events that happened two years prior to accident
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Loftus and Palmer
leading questions - shown films of car accident and were asked to estimate speed of vehicle - group one asked with verb hit and group two asked with verb smash - different emotive verbs affected speed estimated of same vehicle by different people
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Bruce and Young
unfamiliar faces - how accurately can you identify familiar/unfamiliar faces - students of lecturers able to identify lecturers better than trained professionals
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Gieselman et al
context - shown film of violent police training film and then interviewed about it two weeks later - group one had context recreated group two went through standard police interviewing - group kept in context remembered accurately
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Cohen
stereotypes affect memory - participants shown film of man and woman and told either woman is librarian or waitress - people recounting woman gave description according to stereotypes - memories were completely distorted
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Card 2

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MSM - is rehearsal necessary to store information in the short term store? - learn trigrams and then count backwards in threes for different lengths of time - virtually forgot everything in 18 seconds

Back

Peterson and Peterson

Card 3

Front

reconstructive memory - War of Ghosts retell story could not store unfamiliar information so changed it

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Reconstructive memory - research into Bartlett - can people store familiar information and recall it accurately? - ask university students about personal experiences of first week at university

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

levels of processing - ask questions about words and then pick words out of superficial list

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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