MEMORY

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  • Created by: AmyLouu
  • Created on: 22-04-15 08:53
ENCODING
Changing information so that it can be stored.
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STORAGE
Holding information in the memory system.
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RETRIEVAL
Recovering information from storage.
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MULTI-STORE
The idea that information passes through a series of memory stores.
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SENSORY STORE
Holds information recieved from the senses for a very short period of time.
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SHORT-TERM STORE
Holds approximately 7 chunks of information for a limited amount of time.
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LONG-TERM STORE
Holds a vast amount of information for a very long period of time.
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RECENCY EFFECT
Information recieved later is better recalled than earlier information.
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PRIMARY EFFECT
The first information recieved is recalled better than recently learnt information.
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RECONSTRUCTIVE MEMORY
Altering our recollection of things so that they make more sense to us.
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STUCTURAL PROCESSING
Thinking about the physical appearance of words to be learnt.
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PHONETIC PROCESSING
Thinking about the sound of the words to be learnt.
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SEMANTIC PROCESSING
Thinking about the meaning of the words to be learnt.
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LEVELS OF PROCESSING
The depth at which the information is thought about when trying to learn it.
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INTERFERENCE
Things that we have learnt that make it difficult to recall other information that we have learnt.
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RETROACTIVE INTERFERENCE
When information we have previously learnt hinders our ability to recall information we have learnt previously.
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PROACTIVE INTERFERENCE
When information we have already learnt hinders our ability to recall recently learnt information.
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CONTEXT
The general setting or environment in which activities happen.
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ANTEROGRADE AMNESIA
Being unable to learn new information after suffering brain damage.
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RETROGRADE AMNESIA
Loss of memory for events that happened before brain damage occoured.
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HIPPOCAMPUS
A brain structure that is crucial for memory.
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RELIABILITY
In the context of eyewitness testimony - the extent to which it can be regarded as accurate.
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LEADING QUESTION
A question that hints that a particular type of answer is required.
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COGNITIVE INTERVIEW
A method of questioning witness that involves recreating the context of an event.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Holding information in the memory system.

Back

STORAGE

Card 3

Front

Recovering information from storage.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The idea that information passes through a series of memory stores.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Holds information recieved from the senses for a very short period of time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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