Memory

Memory vocabulary for the Higher Human Biology exams. Terms and definitions are included.

  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 10-04-13 14:18
Memory
Involves all the processes that enable us to store, retain and retrieve information.Memories include information from the senses as well as the emotions we experience.
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Limbic system
The part of the brain mainly involved with memory
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NMDA
A type of receptor found in synapses which has a role in memory storage
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Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter found in the hippocampus which links neurones to form memories
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Alzheimer's disease
A condition of old age caused by severe memory loss. The number of acetylcholine producing cells is decreased in patients.
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The evidence for a molecular basis for memory
Two molecules are thought to have a role in the storage of memories: acetylcholine and NMDA
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contextual cues
Aids to memory which relate in some way to the item which is remembered
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serial position effect
The memorisation of a list of items in which items at the beginning and end are best remembered
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Elaboration
A method of improving long term memory by adding detail to the item being remembered
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organisation
The arrangement of items to be memorised into related groups
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rehearsal
Repeating the information over and over again. It helps with transfer of information into long term memory
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Long term memory
Has an unlimited capacity and stores information outside our conscious awareness for a long period of time. Information is grouped by type of memory (for example, facts or skills)
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Chunking
Grouping several smaller units into a single meaningful piece of information
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short term memory
Holds only a small amount of information (7+/-2 items) for up to 30 seconds
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memory span
The capacity of the short term memory. Usually around 7 pieces of data.
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retrieval
The recovery of memorised information from the brain
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storage
Involves keeping the memory in our brain, and available for use, for some time.
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encoding
The conversion of information into a form which can be stored in the memory
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transfer of information from short term memory to long term memory
rehearsal, organisation and elaboration of meaning
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The part of the brain mainly involved with memory

Back

Limbic system

Card 3

Front

A type of receptor found in synapses which has a role in memory storage

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A neurotransmitter found in the hippocampus which links neurones to form memories

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A condition of old age caused by severe memory loss. The number of acetylcholine producing cells is decreased in patients.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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