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Capacity of STM: Miller
7 +- 2 items
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Capacity of STM: Baddeley
pollysylabic or 1 sylable
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Influence of LTM on STM:
Bower and Winzenz
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Duration of STM: Peterson and Peterson
Duration is very short
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Duration of STM: Peterson and Peterson
trigrams
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Encoding in STM: Baddeley
acoustic or semantic
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Encoding in STM: Brandimonte
visual coding can be used
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Duration of LTM: Bahrick
photos from highschool year book
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Duration of LTM: Bahrick and Hall
Maths
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Encoding of LTM: Baddeley
Cat and Mat study
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Multi-store memory model
Atkinson and Shiffrin
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Support of the MSM: Glanzer and Cunitz
Primary and recency effect
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Support of the MSM: Milner's case study
Unable to put information into LTM
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Weakness of the MSM: Atkinson and Shiffrin
needs to be interactive flow between Short term and Long term
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Working Memory model
Baddeley and Hitch
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Support of WMM: Baddeley
Added the episodic buffer
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Support of WMM: Baddeley
Imagining capital letter F to demonstrate visual and verbal task
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Support of WMM: Pavlescu
PET Scans
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Weakness of WMM: Richardson
Central executive
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Effect of Age on EWT
Eye witness testimony
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Age EWT Koriat
Children remember less
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Age EWT Saywitz:
Children leave out information
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Age Support for EWT: Ceci and Bruck
Children are more affected by misleading information
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Age Support for EWT: Ceci and Bruck
Children lack appropriate schemas
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Age Weakness of EWT: Gross and Hayne
Children could identify someone whom they had interacted with 2 days previous
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Age Support of EWT: Gross and Hayne
Children show demand characteristics and don't want to admit they are wrong
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Anxiety on EWT
Yerkes-Dodson Law (inverted U)
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Anxiety on EWT: Loftus
Pen and knife study
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Support Effect of misleading information on EWT: Loftus and Palmer
Used different verbs to describe events, found that influences the PPTS memory
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Support Effect of misleading information on EWT: Loftus
Used mileading questions which PPTS would ignore if obviously wrong but incorporated it into their memory if it was plausible
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Weakness Effect of misleading information on EWT: Loftus
Red purse study, information obvious at the time of encoding is less likely to be distorted
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Weakness Effect of misleading information on EWT: Loftus
source misattribution
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Cognitive interviews
Geiselman
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Cognitive interviews: Geiselman
developed the 4 instructions, mentally recreating the context of the incident, changing the narrative order, changing perspective, reporting everything
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Cognitive interviews: Fisher and Geiselman
developed 2 more instructions, interviews to build a good relationship and retrieval witnesses encouraged to focus concentration
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Support Cognitive interviews:Geiselman
Police training videos
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Weakness Cognitive interviews: Geiselman
lacks ecological and population validity
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Support Cognitive interviews: Fisher
47% more information was gained after using cognitive interviews
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Support Cognitive interviews: Bekerian and Denett
Cognitive Interview had provided more accurate information than other interview techniques when reviewing 27 studies
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Support Cognitive interviews: Holliday
Children's birthday party video
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Weakness Cognitive interviews:Konken
Cognitive interviews increase recall of both correct and incorrect details
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Weakness Cognitive interviews: Momen
Practical problems with Cognitive interviews, officers wouldn't change their interview technique
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Strategies for Memory improvement: Baddeley
Organisation of materials
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Strategies for Memory improvement:Bower
Conceptual Hierarchy
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Strategies for Memory improvement:Bower and Clark
Story Memory
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Strategies for Memory improvement: Tuluing and Thompson
Context Dependent Retrieval
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Strategies for Memory improvement: Context Dependent Retrieval
Smith basement study
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Strategies for Memory improvement: Method of Loci
Each item you want to remember is converted into imagination of a familiar place
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

pollysylabic or 1 sylable

Back

Capacity of STM: Baddeley

Card 3

Front

Bower and Winzenz

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Duration is very short

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

trigrams

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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