MEMORY PSYCHOLOGY

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FALSHBULB MEMORY
- BROWN AND KULICK 'flassbulb memories' differ as they invlove enduring imrint of events surrounding an imporatnt incident. remember context of personally imporant event eg JFK assasination, 9/11. Memory may not be event but where you heard about it.
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FLASHBULT ANALOGY
'Flashbulb' is the memory of incidental details eg where , what, who, as if scene illiminatted like a flasbulb. Suggests memories are like photographs in accuracy and unchanging nature (dont not record every part of scene).
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SUPPORT
- CONWAY ET AL supports, argues that studies on memory relating to our personal lives (e.g resignation MargretThatcher of uk resident) are more accurate in LT.CAHILL AND MCGOUGH adaptive, animals have evloved to release hormones which aid LT storage
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AGAINST
NEISSER, fb memories are not different, LT nature is due to constant rehersal rather than neural activity. WRIGHT interviewed P's on Hillsborough football disater, 5 moths after no stron FB's only vague memories.Most reconstruct, mix with what heard.
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PERSONAL EVENTS
SHEINGOLD AND TENNAYperosnal (eg birth of sibling), had good memory of who told and where etc,remained consistant. cant check accuracy. BROWN AND KULIK idnetify event cause FB.40 white/black on assassinations (JFKMLK). White better JFK. 'race effect'
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SUPPRESSION
emotion may have negative effect, may forget 'unpleasent' experiences. (eg forget to rives because you dont want to). This is called supression. (concious or semi concious behaviour)
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REPRESSION
occurs subconciously.type of 'impared memory'. FREUD theory of persoanlity. repression as a defence mechanism (Ego protects itself from conflict). memory of highly traumatic event beyond concious awareness. they affect behaviour even though no memory
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SEXAUL ABUSE
WILLIAMS hospital city records of 206 of cases of sexual assault on girls for 2 years. 20 years later 129 re interviewed aged 18-31.1/3 didnt recall sexual abuse, 16% of thoes who remembered said they forgot but had 'recovered memory'.
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WORLD WAR 2
KARON AND WIDENER studied 100s of cases of WW2 veterans who had battelfied trauma and repressed the memories.years of mental illness was alleviated when traumas were remembered.
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REPRESSED MEMORY THERAPY
'repressed memries' have le to RMT where repressed memories are recovered from childhood. critics suggests that RMT is 'implanting flase memories' of sexual abuse.LOFTUS AND PICKRELL 'lost in mall', implanted memory,80% believed even after debrief
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DEPRESSION
depression linked to impared memory number of ways; creates negative recall bias (recall mostly negative experiences). explained by mood dependent memory. led people to be innatentive and fail to encode mems in LTM (not forgotten,never remembered).
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FINISH STUDY
effects of depression shown in finish study. depressed p's tested, perforemd bad on memory tasks (eg cannot repeat short stories orlists). 6 months after, patients who had been treated performed better and there were fewer problems.
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Card 2

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'Flashbulb' is the memory of incidental details eg where , what, who, as if scene illiminatted like a flasbulb. Suggests memories are like photographs in accuracy and unchanging nature (dont not record every part of scene).

Back

FLASHBULT ANALOGY

Card 3

Front

- CONWAY ET AL supports, argues that studies on memory relating to our personal lives (e.g resignation MargretThatcher of uk resident) are more accurate in LT.CAHILL AND MCGOUGH adaptive, animals have evloved to release hormones which aid LT storage

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

NEISSER, fb memories are not different, LT nature is due to constant rehersal rather than neural activity. WRIGHT interviewed P's on Hillsborough football disater, 5 moths after no stron FB's only vague memories.Most reconstruct, mix with what heard.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

SHEINGOLD AND TENNAYperosnal (eg birth of sibling), had good memory of who told and where etc,remained consistant. cant check accuracy. BROWN AND KULIK idnetify event cause FB.40 white/black on assassinations (JFKMLK). White better JFK. 'race effect'

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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