Memory Keywords

Active processing
Is where the person transforms or manipulates the material that is to be remembered
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Anxiety
State of emotional arousal where there is a feeling or experience of apprehension and uncertainty
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Articulatory process
Part of the phonological loop that repeats sounds or words to keep them in working memory until they are needed
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Capacity
The amount of information that can be held in memory
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Central executive
Part of working memory that coordinates other components
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Chunking
Method of increasing short-term memory by grouping information into larger units
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Coding
Changing the format of information for use in memory
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Cognitive interview
Interview technique devised to improve the accuracy of witness recall
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Context-dependent failure
Forgetting which occurs because the external cues at recall are different to those at the time of learning
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Duration
The length of time information remains in memory
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Episodic buffer
Part of working memory which is a temporary store integrating information from the other components
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Episodic memory
Type of long-term memory for information about specific experiences and events in our lives
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Eyewitness testimony
An account given by people of an event they have witnessed
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Inner scribe
Stores information about the physical relationship of items (part of the visuo-spatial sketchpad)
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Interference theory
Memory can be disrupted not only by previous learning but also by what is learned in the future
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Leading question
Question phrased in such a way that it prompts a particular kind of answer
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Long-term memory
Permanent store holding unlimited amounts of information for long periods
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Misleading information
Incorrect information given the an eyewitness after an event
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Mnemonics
Mnemonics
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Multi-store model
Explanation of memory that sees information flowing through a series of storage systems
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Phonological loop
Part of working memory that deals with auditory information
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Post-event discussion
A potential source of misleading information where witnesses discuss what they saw afterwards
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Primary acoustic store
Part of the phonological loop which stores words heard
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Proactive interference
A cause of forgetting by which previously stored information prevents learning and remembering new information
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Procedural memory
Long-term memory for "knowing how"
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Repression
Unpleasant material is pushed into the unconscious mind
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Retrieval
The recall of stored memories
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Retrieval failure
Difficulties in recall that are due to the absence of the correct retrieval cues
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Retroactive interference
Occurs when newly learned information interferes with and impedes the recall of previously learned information
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Schema
A cognitive framework or concept that helps organize and interpret information
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Semantic memory
Type of long-term memory for information about the world that is not linked to particular contexts or events
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Sensory register
Store of sensory information that lasts no more than a few seconds
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Short-term memory
Temporary memory store that holds limited amount of information for a short period of time
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State-dependent failure
Forgetting which occurs because the emotional or physical state at recall is different to that at the time of learning
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Visuo-spatial sketchpad
Part of working memory that deals with visual information
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Working memory model
Model that suggests short-term memory is composed of three, limited capacity stores
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Anxiety

Back

State of emotional arousal where there is a feeling or experience of apprehension and uncertainty

Card 3

Front

Articulatory process

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Capacity

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Central executive

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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