Memory Key Words 2

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  • Created by: Tasc24
  • Created on: 21-11-15 12:48
Interference
An explanation for forgetting in terms of one memory disrupting the ability to recall another. This is most likely to occur when the two memories have some similarity.
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Proactive interference (PI)
Past learning interferes with current attempts to learn something.
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Retroactive interference (RI)
Current attempts to learn something interfere with past learning.
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Cues
Things that serve as a reminder. They may meaningfully link to the material to be remembered or may not be meaningfully linked, such as environmental cues (e.g. a room) or cues relating to mental state (e.g. drunk).
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Retrieval failure
Occurs due to the absence of cues. An explanation for forgetting based on the idea that the issue relates to being able to retrieve a memory that is there (available) but not accessible. Retrieval depends on using cues.
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Eyewitness testimony
The evidence provided in court by a person who witnessed a crime, with a view to identifying the perpetrator of the crime.
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Leading question
A question that, either by its form or content, suggests to the witness what answer is desired or leads him or her to the desired answer.
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Misleading information
Supplying information that may lead a witness' memory for a crime to be altered.
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Post-event discussion
A conversation between co-witnesses or an interviewer and an eyewitness after a crime has taken place which may contaminate a witness' memory for the event.
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Anxiety
An unpleasant emotional state that is often accompanied by increased heart rate and rapid breathing i.e. physiological arousal.
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Cognitive interview
A police technique for interviewing witnesses to a crime, which encourages them to recreate the original context of the crime in order to increase the accessibility of stored information.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Past learning interferes with current attempts to learn something.

Back

Proactive interference (PI)

Card 3

Front

Current attempts to learn something interfere with past learning.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Things that serve as a reminder. They may meaningfully link to the material to be remembered or may not be meaningfully linked, such as environmental cues (e.g. a room) or cues relating to mental state (e.g. drunk).

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Occurs due to the absence of cues. An explanation for forgetting based on the idea that the issue relates to being able to retrieve a memory that is there (available) but not accessible. Retrieval depends on using cues.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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