Memory Key Terms

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What is Active processing?
The person transforms or manipulates the material that is to be remembered
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What is anxiety?
State of emotional arousal where there is a feeling or experience of apprehension and uncertainty
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What is Articulatory process?
Part of the phonological loop that repeats sounds or words to keep them in working memory until they are needed
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What is Capacity?
The amount of information that can be held in memory
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What is Central Executive?
Part of working memory that coordinates other components
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What is Chunking?
A methods of increasing short-term memory by grouping information into larger units.
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What is Coding?
Changing the format of information for use in memory
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What is Cognitive Interview?
Interview technique devised to improve the accuracy of witness recall
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What is Cue-dependent theory of forgetting?
Failure to recall information due to an absence of cues or 'triggers'
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What is Duration?
The length of time information remains in memory
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What is an episodic buffer?
Part of working memory which is a temporary store integrating information from the other components
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What is an Episodic buffer?
Part of working memory which is a temporary store integrating information from the other components
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What is Episodic memory?
Type of long-term memory for information about specifc experiences and events in our lives
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What is Eyewitness testimony?
An account given by people of an event they have witnessed
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What is forgetting?
Failure to retrieve memories?
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What is an Inner Scribe?
Stores information about the physical relationship of items (part of the visuo-spatial sketchbook)
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What is Interference theory?
Memory can be distributed not only by previous learning but also by what is learned in the future
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What is a leading question?
Question phrased in such a way that it prompts a particular kind of answer
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What is Long-term memory?
Permanent store holding unlimited amounts of information for long periods
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What is Misleading information?
Incorrect information given to an eyewitness after an event
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What is a Mnemonic?
Techniques used to improve memory
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What is the Multi-store model of memory?
An explanation of memory that sees information flowing through a series of storage systems
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What is the Phonological loop?
Part of working memory that sees information flowing through a series of storage systems
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What is Post event Discussion?
A potential source of misleading information where witnesses discuss what they saw afterwards
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What is a Primary acoustic store?
Part of the phonological loop which stores words heard
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What is Proactive interference?
A cause of forgetting by which previously stored information prevents learning and remembering new information
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What is Procedural memory?
Long term memory for "knowing how"
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What is Repression?
Unpleasant material is used into the unconscious mind
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What is Retrieval?
The recall of stored memories
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What is Retrieval failure?
Difficulties in recall that are due to the absence of the correct retrieval cues
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What is Retroactive interference?
Occurs when newly learned information interferes with and impedes the recall of previously learned information
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What is a Schema?
A cognitive framework or concept that helps organise and interpret information
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What is a Semantic memory?
Type of Long-term memory for information about the world that is not linked to particular contexts or events
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What is Sensory register?
Store of sensory information that lasts no more than a few seconds
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What is Short-term memory?
Temporary memory store that holds limited amount of information for a short period of time
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What is State-dependent failure?
Forgetting which occurs because the emotional or physical stae at recall is different to that at the time of learning
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What is Visual cache?
Part of the visuo-spatial sketchpad that stores information about form and colour
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What is a Visuo-spatial sketchpad?
Part of the working memory that deals with visual information
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What is the Working memory model?
Model that suggests short-term memory is composed of three, limited capacity stores
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Card 2

Front

What is anxiety?

Back

State of emotional arousal where there is a feeling or experience of apprehension and uncertainty

Card 3

Front

What is Articulatory process?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Capacity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is Central Executive?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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