Memory-Key terms

Capacity
This is a measure of how much can be helpin memory. It is represented in terms of bits of information, such as number of digits.
1 of 18
Coding
The way information is changed so that it can be stored in memory. Information enters the brain via the senses. It is then stored in various forms, such as visual codes (picture), acoustric codes (sounds) or semantic codes (the meaning of the event)
2 of 18
Duration
A measure of how long a memory lasts before it is no longer avaliable.
3 of 18
Long term memory
Your memory for events that have happened in the past. This lasts anywhere from 2 minutes to 100 years. LTM has potentially unlimited duration and capacity and tends to be coded sematically.
4 of 18
Short term memory
Your memory for immediate events. STMs are measured in seconds and minutes rather than hours and days. They disappear unless they are rehearsed. STM also had limited capacity of about four items including chunks and tends to be coded acoustically.
5 of 18
Episodic memory
Personal memories of events, such as what you did yesterday or a teacher you liked. This kind of memory includes contextual detail plus emotional tone.
6 of 18
Procedural memory
Memory for how to do things, fpr example riding a bicycle or learning how to read. Such memories are automatic as the result of repeated practice.
7 of 18
Semantic memory
Shared memories for facts and knowledge. These memories may be concrete, such as knowing that ice is made of water, or abstract, such as mathmatical knowledge.
8 of 18
Interference
An explanation for fogetting in terms of one memory disruptingthe ability to recall another. This is most likely to occur when the two memories have some similarity.
9 of 18
Proactive interference
Past learning interferes with currrent attempts to learn something.
10 of 18
Retroactive interference
Current attempts to learn something interfere with past learning
11 of 18
Retrieval failure
Occurs due to the absence of cues. An explanation for forgetting based on the idea that the issue relates to being able to retrieve a memory that is there (avaliable) but not accessible. Retrieval depends on using cues.
12 of 18
Eye witness testimony
The evidence provided in count by a person who witnessed a crime, with a view to identifying the perpetratorof the crime,
13 of 18
Leading question
A question that, either by its form or content suggests to the witness what answer is desired or leads him or her to the desired answer
14 of 18
Misleading information
Supplying information that may lead to a witness' memory for a crime to be altered
15 of 18
Post-event discussion
A conversation between co-witnesses or an interviewer and an eyewitness after a crime has taken place which may contaminate a witness' memory for the event.
16 of 18
Anxiety
An unpleasent emotional state that is ofter accompanied by increased heart rate and rapid breathing ie psychological arousal
17 of 18
Cognative interview
A police technique for interviewing witnesses to a crime, which encourages them to recreate the original context of the crime in order to increase the accessability of stored information.
18 of 18

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Coding

Back

The way information is changed so that it can be stored in memory. Information enters the brain via the senses. It is then stored in various forms, such as visual codes (picture), acoustric codes (sounds) or semantic codes (the meaning of the event)

Card 3

Front

Duration

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Long term memory

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Short term memory

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Memory resources »