Memory Key Concepts

  • Created by: wenzm
  • Created on: 26-05-18 15:11
sensory register
incredibly large capacity, duration of less than a second, first store in the multi store model
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short term memory (msm)
acoustically coded, capacity of 5-9 items, 30 second duration
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long term memory (msm)
coded semantically, potentially unlimited capacity and duration
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episodic memory
explicit memory of events and personal experiences, affected by emotions at the time of coding, has been associated with the prefrontal cortex and strengthened by deeper processing at the time of encoding
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semantic memory
explicit memory of concepts, meanings and facts, strengthened by deeper processing during coding, associated with frontal and temporal lobes
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procedural memory
implicit memory of how to perform tasks, doesn't require conscious recall, associated with the primary motor cortex, cerebellum and prefrontal cortex
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central exceutive
oversees and coordinates the other components of memory
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phonological loop
deals with auditory information and is divided into the primary acoustic store (inner ear) and the articulatory process (inner voice)
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visuo-spatial sketchpad
deals with visual information and the physical relationship of objects
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episodic buffer
a temporary store of integrated information from other components and from ltm
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retrieval failure
failure to recall information based on a lack of cues
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proactive interference
similar material causing confusion and inhibiting the retention of new memories
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retroactive interference
new information interfering with recall of previously learned information
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context dependant failure
forgetting caused by a different external setting at recall and coding
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state dependant failure
forgetting caused by differing emotional states at recall and encoding
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cognitive interview
a procedure used by the police to gain more accurate eyewitness testimony
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

acoustically coded, capacity of 5-9 items, 30 second duration

Back

short term memory (msm)

Card 3

Front

coded semantically, potentially unlimited capacity and duration

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

explicit memory of events and personal experiences, affected by emotions at the time of coding, has been associated with the prefrontal cortex and strengthened by deeper processing at the time of encoding

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

explicit memory of concepts, meanings and facts, strengthened by deeper processing during coding, associated with frontal and temporal lobes

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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