memory ; imp. ewt ; cognitive interview

what techniques did fisher and geiselman suggest police should use to better ewts?
those based on psychological insights to how memory works
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what are these techniques collectively called?
cognitive interview
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how many main techniques?
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which are?
report erryting / reinstate context / reverse order / change perspective
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1. report everythign
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what are witnesses encouraged to include?
every single useless detail even if unconfident
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what may these seemingly trivial details do?
trigger other important memories / be important
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2. reinstate context
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what should witnesses do in mind?
return to crime scene
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and imagine which two things?
environment and emotions
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what forgetting thin is this linked to from earlier?
context-dependent forgetting
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3. reverse the order
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why is this done?
to prevent people reporting their expectations of how event happened > how rlly did
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what does it also prevent?
people trickin tha popo
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4. change perspective
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why is this done?
to disrupt effect of expectation and schema on recall
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what do schema for particular settings generate?
expectations of what would have happened
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so you accidentally recall?
schema > real events
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the enhanced cognitive interview
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fisher developed these additional elements to focus on what about the interaction?
social dynamics
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for example what abou eye contact?
interviewer knows when to hold and release gaze
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this also includes ideas like askin what type of qs?
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getting witness to speak?
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and reducing what in eyewitness?
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:( time consuming
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what takes less time?
standard police interview
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for example why might CI take more time?
establishing rapport and allowing relaxation
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what does the CI also require of officers?
special training that they don't have time 4
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what does this mean about ci useage?
unlikely the proper version is actually used
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:) some elements may be more valuablethan others
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what did milne and bull find about each individual element?
equally valuable
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however what combination did they find was better than any other conditions?
report everything and context reinstatement
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who was already suspicious some parts were better than others?
police officers
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why is this a strength?
suggests at least these two elements should be used by police if allarent
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what does this also increase for the CI among police officers?
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:) support for effectiveness
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kohnken did a meta-analysis of how many studies?
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what produced more correct information? standard interview of eci?
eci duuh
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strength bc what does study indicate?
real practical benefits to police of using enhanced version
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what does research show it gives police greater chance of?
catching criminals
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which benefits what as a whole?
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:( creates increase in inaccurate information
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kohnken founnd what % increase in correct info?
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but incorrect increase?
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Card 2


what are these techniques collectively called?


cognitive interview

Card 3


how many main techniques?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


which are?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


1. report everythign


Preview of the front of card 5
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