Memory: forgetting and eyewitness testimony

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interference
an explanation for forgetting in terms of one memory disrupting the ability to recall another. This is the most likely to occur when the two memories have some similarity
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Proactive interference
Past learning interferes with current attempts to learn something
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Retroactive interference
current attempts to learn something interfere with past learning
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Cues
things that serve as a reminder. They may meaningfully link to the material to be remembered or may not be meaningfully linked, such as environmental cues or cues related to your mental state
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retrieval failure
occurs due to the absense of cues. An explanation for forgetting based on the idea that the issue relates to being able to retrieve a memory that is there but not accessible. Retrieval depends on using cues
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eyewitness testimony
the evidence provided in court by a person who witnessed a crime, with a view to identifying the perpetrator of the crime
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leading questions
a question that, either by its form or content, suggests to the witness what answer is desired or leads them to the desired answer
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Misleading questions
supplying information that may lead a witness' memory for a crime to be altered
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post-event discussion
a conversation between co-witnesses or an interviewer and an eyewitness or an interviewer and an eyewitness after a crime has taken place which may contaminate a mitness' memory for the event
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anxiety
an unpleasent emotional state that is often accompanied by increased heart rate and rapid reathing
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cognitive interview
a police technique for interviewing witnesses to a crime, which encourages them to recreate the original content of the crime in order to increase the accessibility of stored information
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Past learning interferes with current attempts to learn something

Back

Proactive interference

Card 3

Front

current attempts to learn something interfere with past learning

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

things that serve as a reminder. They may meaningfully link to the material to be remembered or may not be meaningfully linked, such as environmental cues or cues related to your mental state

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

occurs due to the absense of cues. An explanation for forgetting based on the idea that the issue relates to being able to retrieve a memory that is there but not accessible. Retrieval depends on using cues

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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