Memory Flashcards

HideShow resource information
Coding
The format in which information is stored in various memory stores
1 of 26
Capacity
The amount of information that can be held in a memory store
2 of 26
Duration
The amount of time information can be held in memory
3 of 26
Short-term memory (STM)
The limited-capacity memory store
4 of 26
Long-term memory (LTM)
The permanent memory store
5 of 26
Multi-store model (MSM)
A representation of how memory works in terms of 3 stores called the sensory register, STM and LTM
6 of 26
Sensory register
The memory stores for each of our 5 senses
7 of 26
Episodic memory
Long-term memory store for personal events
8 of 26
Semantic memory
Long-term memory store for our knowledge of the world
9 of 26
Procedural memory
Long-term memory store for our knowledge of how to do things
10 of 26
Working memory model (WMM)
Representation of STM.
11 of 26
Central executive (CE)
Co-ordinates the activity of the 3 subsystems in memory and allocates resorurces to those activities
12 of 26
Phonological loop (PL)
Processes information in terms of sound. Divided up into the phonological store and the articulatory process
13 of 26
Visuo-spatial sketchpad (VSS)
Processes visual and spatial information in a mental space often called our 'inner eye'
14 of 26
Episodic buffer (EB)
Brings together material from other subsystems into a single memory rather than separate strands
15 of 26
Interference
Forgetting because one memory blocks another, causing one or more memories to be distorted or forgotten
16 of 26
Proactive interference (PI)
Forgetting occurs when older memories, already sorted, disrupt the recall of newer ones
17 of 26
Retoactive interference (RI)
Forgetting occurs when newer memories disrupt the recall of older ones already sorted
18 of 26
Retrieval failure
A form of forgetting. Occurs when we don't have the necessary cues to access memory
19 of 26
Cue
A 'trigger' of information that allows us to access a memory
20 of 26
Eyewitness Testimony (EWT)
The ability of people to remember the details of events which they have observed. Accuracy can be affected by misleading information, leading questions and anxiety
21 of 26
Misleading information
Incorrect information given to the eyewitness, usually after the event
22 of 26
Leading question
A question which, because of the way it's phrased, suggests a certain answer
23 of 26
Post-event discussion (PED)
Occurs when there is more than one witness to an event. Witnesses may discuss what they saw, affecting accuracy
24 of 26
Anxiety
A state of emotional and physical arousal.
25 of 26
Cognitive interview (CI)
A method of interviewing eye witnesses to help them retrieve more accurate memories
26 of 26

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The amount of information that can be held in a memory store

Back

Capacity

Card 3

Front

The amount of time information can be held in memory

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The limited-capacity memory store

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The permanent memory store

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Memory resources »