Memory and Perception

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1. Tootell et al (1995) asked people to watch a series of concentric rings moving outwards. When the rings suddenly stopped moving ppts. reported seeing:

  • continued movement in an inward direction
  • waves of movement, inward and outward
  • continued movement in an outward direction
  • no movement
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2. The top of a convex object appears light coloured while the bottom appears darker. Thus, our visual system appears to interpret this object as if it were illuminated from above. The cue to depth at work in this context is

  • haze
  • shading
  • texture
  • elevation

3. Which of the following was not cited in the text as an example of the strong positive effects of odour on behaviour:

  • increased genital arousal of women exposed to male cologne during a specific stage of the menstrual cycle
  • creation of a more favourable impression of a formally dressed female job candidate at interview
  • an increase in charitable behaviour
  • Enhanced recall of verbal material when odour is presented at encoding and retrieval

4. Following the case of Daubert vs Merrell Dow Pharamaceuticals Inc (1993), a new ruling in the US stated that ___ would be responsible for determining the relevance, validity and reliability of scientific evidence in court

  • judges
  • expert witnesses
  • police
  • psychologists

5. The Gestalt principle which states that elements that are positioned closely together as a group will be perceived as belonging together is the __________ principle

  • continuity
  • proximity
  • propinquity
  • closure

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