Memory and Perception

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1. The primacy effect occurs because the words presented earlier in a list of words...

  • have more opportunity to be rehearsed than words later in the list
  • stay in short term memory
  • are generally the easier ones to memorise
  • are represented in both short-term and episodic memory
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2. The chemosenses are our senses of:

  • hearing and touch
  • hearing and sight
  • taste and smell
  • sight and smell

3. The Gestalt principle which states that elements that are positioned closely together as a group will be perceived as belonging together is the __________ principle

  • proximity
  • closure
  • propinquity
  • continuity

4. People in Godden and Baddeley's study who learned lists of words underwater:

  • recalled the words better on dry land
  • recalled the words better underwater
  • generally forgot most of them once they left the water
  • showed no difference in accuracy of recall underwater or on dry land

5. Which of the following words, when used in the question, "how fast were the cars going when one of them_____ into the other" would result in an eyewitness reporting the cars were going very fast?

  • smashed
  • collided
  • hit
  • bumped

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