Memory and Perception

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1. Stereopsis occurs because

  • objects in the visual field are often interposed
  • each eye recieves a slightly different image of the visual scene
  • of the convergence of the eyes
  • the eyes converge on near objects more easily than distant objects
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2. If you wanted to make a white card look whiter you would place it

  • on a very bright white background
  • next to another white card placed on a darker background
  • on a grey background
  • on any background illuminated by bright sunlight

3. The top of a convex object appears light coloured while the bottom appears darker. Thus, our visual system appears to interpret this object as if it were illuminated from above. The cue to depth at work in this context is

  • haze
  • elevation
  • shading
  • texture

4. The suggestion that implicit and procedural memory are synonymous has been questioned on the basis of which of the following reasons:

  • implicit memories are formed in deep processing, procedural memories formed in shallow processing
  • procedural memory implied conscious effort, implicit memory assumes no conscious effort
  • procedural memories are for skills, implicit memories are for events
  • implicit memories are generally reserved for events in childhood, procedural memories are for skills learnt in adulthood

5. An important principle of signal detection theory is that detection of any stimulus requires that we discriminate between __________ and __________ 

  • signal;noise
  • noise;silence
  • signal;response bias
  • response bias; noise


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