Memory and Perception

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1. People in Godden and Baddeley's study who learned lists of words underwater:

  • recalled the words better on dry land
  • showed no difference in accuracy of recall underwater or on dry land
  • recalled the words better underwater
  • generally forgot most of them once they left the water
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Other questions in this quiz

2. The primacy effect occurs because the words presented earlier in a list of words...

  • stay in short term memory
  • have more opportunity to be rehearsed than words later in the list
  • are represented in both short-term and episodic memory
  • are generally the easier ones to memorise

3. The type of memory that has the shortest duration is called ------ memory

  • short-term
  • sensory
  • perceptual
  • episodic

4. The Gestalt principle which states that elements that are positioned closely together as a group will be perceived as belonging together is the __________ principle

  • continuity
  • proximity
  • propinquity
  • closure

5. Which of the following was not cited in the text as an example of the strong positive effects of odour on behaviour:

  • an increase in charitable behaviour
  • increased genital arousal of women exposed to male cologne during a specific stage of the menstrual cycle
  • creation of a more favourable impression of a formally dressed female job candidate at interview
  • Enhanced recall of verbal material when odour is presented at encoding and retrieval


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