memory

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  • Created by: amanb27
  • Created on: 28-12-15 14:03
name the three theories of memory.
reconstructive approach, levels of processing, multi-store model.
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name and explain the theory that supports the levels of processing.
craik and tulving-level information is processed, structual phonetic semantic, semantic meaning, think about the word.
2 of 31
evaluate levels of processing.
there is allot of support, laboratory based research, does not explain why deeper processing helps memory
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name the three theories to support the multi-store model.
peterson and peterson, bower and springston, murdock
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explain peterson and petersons theory.
stm 30 seconds, triagrams count backwards, 3 sec 80% 18 sec 10%, repetition
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explain bower and springstons theory.
chuncking, 2 groups remember triagrams, experimental group, chunking increases memory capacity.
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explain murdocks theory.
free recall, words recall as many as possible, first and last words recalled, primarcy recency affect.
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evaluate murdocks theory
only a simple description, there is research to supports seperate memory stores, cannot explain everyday expieriances of memory.
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name and explain the reconstructive approach.
existing knowledge, war of the ghosts, details, emphasis and changed order, shemas.
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evaluate the reconstructive approach.
ecologically invalid, it is less scientific than the others.
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what is the definition of encoding.
turning information into something meaningful.
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what is the definition of storage.
information is then kept in either the short term memory or the long term memory.
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what is the definition of retrieval.
when we remove the inormation we store this is sometimes called recall.
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what is the definition of stm
unencoded information retrieved through our senses is held for just a few seconds in the sensory memory before being passes on to the short term memory for encoding.
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what is the definition of ltm
the storehouse for all things in the memory which are currantly not being used. the duration is up to a life time and has an unlimited capacity.
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what is the definition of amnesia
memory loss, usually caused by brain injury, but also by traumatic, emotional events.
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what is the definition of retrograde amnesia
loss of memory for events before the injury. Can be brief or extensive.
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what is the definition of anterograde amnesia
inability to learn new memories after a brain injury.
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name four things forgetting depends on.
emotion, amnesia, interference, trace decay.
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name and explain a theory to support interference.
underwood and postman- retroactive theory, two groups given paired words asked to recall the first list, the first group was more accurate, learning items in the second list interfered.
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evaluate underwood and postmans theory.
it was a laboratory experiment, the theory can explain why people find it difficult to learn two similar languages.
21 of 31
explain emotion in the context of memory.
repression: push down something distressing in our unconsciousness so it is unacessable. emotional arousal: fear can damage our memory.
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explain trace decay in the context of memory.
dementia- information is forgotten as time progresses, memories leave a small trace in the brain that needs to be strengthened, this explains re-learning as we think we have forgotten something until reminded.
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name five things eye witness testimony depends on.
leading questions, facial recongnition, context, stereotyping and emotion.
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name and explain the theory to support leading questions.
loftus and palmer- persons recall of an event, hit smashe no comment, words affected memories, broken glass.
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evaluate loftus and palmer theory.
some people dont drive, they watched a video.
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name and explain the theory of facial recongnition.
bruce and young- individual features, mental picture, look up in our memories.
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name and explain the theory of stereotyping
bartlett and loftus- we impose meaning on new information and alter our memories. our expectations may effect what we notice and how we make sense of it.
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name and explain a theory to support stereotyping.
allport and postman- two men having an argument one black one white. participants were asked to recall who was holding the razor majority said the black man.
29 of 31
explain emotion in the conext of eye witness testimony memory.
loftus and burns- the more violent a robbery is the less remembered by participants.
30 of 31
explain and name the theory to support context.
godden and baddeley- improve memory, deep sea divers memerise some moved surrounding and were asked to recall words, more recollection in the same environment.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

craik and tulving-level information is processed, structual phonetic semantic, semantic meaning, think about the word.

Back

name and explain the theory that supports the levels of processing.

Card 3

Front

there is allot of support, laboratory based research, does not explain why deeper processing helps memory

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

peterson and peterson, bower and springston, murdock

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

stm 30 seconds, triagrams count backwards, 3 sec 80% 18 sec 10%, repetition

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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