Memory

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  • Created by: lailaaacx
  • Created on: 09-12-15 10:47
encoding
Changing information so that it can be stored.
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storage
Holding information in the memory system.
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Retrieval
Recovering information from storage.
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Multi-store
The idea that information passes through a series of memory stores.
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Sensory store
Holds information recieved from the senses for a very short period of time.
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Short-term store
Holds approximately seven chunks of information for a limited amount of time.
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Long-term store
Holds a vast amount of information for a very long period of time.
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Recency effect
Information recieved later is recalled better than earlier information.
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Primacy effect
The first information recieved is recalled better than subsequent information
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Reconstructive memory
Altering our recollection of things so that they make more sense
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Structural processing
Thinking about the physical appearence of words to be learnt
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Phonetic processing
Thinking about the sound of words to be learnt
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Semantic processing
Thinking about the meaning of words to be learnt
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Levels of processing
The depth at which information is thought about when trying to learn it
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Interference
Things that we have learnt that make it difficult to recall other information that we have learnt
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Retroactive Interference
When information we have recently learnt hinders our ability to recall information we have learnt previously
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Proactive interference
When information we have already learnt hinders our ability to recall new information
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context
The general setting or enviroment in which activites happen
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Anterograde amnesia
Being unable to learn new information after suffering brain damage
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Retrograde amnesia
Loss of memory for events that happened before brain damage occured
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hippocampus
A brain structure that is crucial for memory
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Sterotype
An oversimplified generalised set of ideas that we have about others. for example, secondary head teachers are strict, intimidating, scary and male.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Holding information in the memory system.

Back

storage

Card 3

Front

Recovering information from storage.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The idea that information passes through a series of memory stores.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Holds information recieved from the senses for a very short period of time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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