memory

  • Created by: nileemak
  • Created on: 19-12-18 10:40
Capacity
This measures how much can be held in your memory. It is represented in numbers and letters. There is also the magic number which is 7 +-2.
1 of 25
Coding
The way information is changed so it can be stored in memory. Information enters the brain via senses (Ears/Eyes) then stored in various forms such as visual codes (pictures), acoustic codes (sounds) or sematic codes ( meanings).
2 of 25
Duration
A measure of how long a memory lasts before it is no longer available.
3 of 25
Long-term Memory
Your memory for events that have happened in the past. This lasts anywhere from 2 minutes to 100 years. LTM has potentially unlimited duration and capacity as well as it tends to be coded semantically.
4 of 25
Short-term memory
STMs are measured in seconds/minutes than hours/days, i.e a short duration. They disappear unless they're reheared. STM has limited capacity for about 4 items or chunks and tends to be coded acoustically. Sometimes referred to as working memory
5 of 25
Multi-store model
An explanation of memory based on 3 seperate memory stores and how information is transferred between these stores
6 of 25
Sensory Register
This is the information at the senses (eyes, ears). We can only hold accurate images of sensory information here for less than a second. The capacity is however large. Method of coding depends on the sense organ ( visual for eyes)
7 of 25
Central Executive
Monitors and coordinates all other mental functions in working memory
8 of 25
Episodic Buffer
Receives input from many sources, temporarily stores this information and then integrates it in order to construct a mental episode of what is being experienced
9 of 25
Phonological loop
Codes speech sounds in working memory, typically involving maintenance rehearsal ( repeating words over and over again). This is why it is known as a loop
10 of 25
Visuo-Spatial sketchpad
Codes visual information in terms of seperate objects as well as the arrangements of these objects in one's visual field.
11 of 25
Working Memory Model
An explanation of the memory used when working on a task. Each store is qualitatively different
12 of 25
Episodic memory
Personal memories of events, such as what you did yesterday or a teacher you liked. This kind of memory includes contextual details plus emotional tone
13 of 25
Procedural Memory
Memory for how to do things, for example riding a bike or learning to read. Such memories are automatic as the result of repeated practice.
14 of 25
Semantic Memory
Shared memories for facts and knowledge. These memories may be concrete such as knowing that ice is made of water or mathmetical knowledge
15 of 25
Interferance
An explanation for forgetting in terms of one memory disrupting the ability to recall another. This is most likely to occur when two memories have some similarities
16 of 25
Proactive Interference
Past learning interferes with current attempts to learn something
17 of 25
Retroactive Interference
Current attempts to learn something interfere with past learning
18 of 25
Cues
Things that serve as a reminder. They may be meaningfully link to the material to be remembered or may not be meaningfully linked, such as environmental cues (a room) or cues related to your mental state (being sad or drunk)
19 of 25
Retrieval failure
Occurs due to the absence of cues. An explanation for forgetting is based on the idea that the issue is related to being able to retrieve a memory that is there (available) but not accessible. Retrieval depends on using cues
20 of 25
Eyewitness Testimony
The evidence provided in court by a person who witnessed a crime, with a view to identify the perpetrator of the crime.
21 of 25
Leading Question
A question that, suggests to the witness what answer is desired or leads them to the desired answer.
22 of 25
Misleading Information
Supplying information that may lead a witnesses memory for a crime to be altered
23 of 25
Post-event Discussion
A conversation between co-winesses or an interviewer and an eyewitness after a crime has taken place which may contaminate a witness memory for the event
24 of 25
Cognitive Interview
Police technique for interviewing witnesses to a crime - encourages them to recreate original context of the crime = increase accessibility of stored info. - our memory is made up of network association > discrete events. retreival strategies used.
25 of 25

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The way information is changed so it can be stored in memory. Information enters the brain via senses (Ears/Eyes) then stored in various forms such as visual codes (pictures), acoustic codes (sounds) or sematic codes ( meanings).

Back

Coding

Card 3

Front

A measure of how long a memory lasts before it is no longer available.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Your memory for events that have happened in the past. This lasts anywhere from 2 minutes to 100 years. LTM has potentially unlimited duration and capacity as well as it tends to be coded semantically.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

STMs are measured in seconds/minutes than hours/days, i.e a short duration. They disappear unless they're reheared. STM has limited capacity for about 4 items or chunks and tends to be coded acoustically. Sometimes referred to as working memory

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Memory resources »