Memory key terms

The format in which information is stored in various memory stores
Coding
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The amount of information that can be held in a memory store
Capacity
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The length of time information can be held in a memory
Duration
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The limited- capacity memory store.
ShortTermMemory
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The permanent memory store.
LongTermMemory
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A representation of how memory works in terms of 3 stores - sensory register, STM and LTM
Multi-StoreModel
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The memory stores for each of our senses
SensoryRegister
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A LTM store for personal events- includes memories of when the event occured, the people, objects, place and behaviour involved. Needs to be recalled deliberately
Episodic
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A LTM store for our knowlegde of the world- needs to be recalled deliberately
SematicMemory
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A LTM store for our knowledge to do things e.g. learnt skills- usually recalled without making conscious or deliberate effort
ProceduralMemory
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A representation of STM. Suggests that STM is a dynamic processor of different types of information using sub-units coordinated by a central decision making system
WorkingMemoryModel
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Component of WMM that co-ordinates the activities of the subsystems
CentralExecutive
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Component of the WMM that processes information in terms of sound-divided into the phonological store and the articulatory process
PhonologicalLoop
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Component of the WMM that processes visual and spatial information in a mental space ('inner eye')
Visuo-SpatialSketchpad
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Component of the WMM that brings together material from the other subsystems into a single memory rather than separate strands. Links working memory and LTM
EpisodicBuffer
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Forgetting because one memory blocks another, causing one or both memories to be disorted or forgotten
Interference
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Forgetting occurs when older memories, already stored, disrupt the recall of newer memories.
ProactiveInterference
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Forgetting occurs when newer memories disrupt the recall of older memories already stored.
RetroactiveInterference
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A form of forgetting. Occurs when we don't have the necessary cues to access memory
RetrievalFaliure
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A 'trigger' pf information that allows us to access a memory
Cue
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The ability of people to remember the details of events e.g. accidents and crimes, which they themselves have observed
EyewitnessTestimony
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Incorrect informationgiven to the eyewitness usually after the event e.g. leading questions
MisleadingInformation
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A question which suggests a certain answer
LeadingQuestion
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Occurs when there is more than one witness to an event. They may discuss what they have seen to others which in turn may influence the accuracy of each witness's recall of the event
Post-EventDiscussion
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A state pf emotional and physical arousal. The emotion includes having worries thoughts and feelings of tension- increasing heart rate and sweatiness
Anxiety
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A method of interviewing eyewitnesses to help them retrieve more accurate memories using psychological knowledge of human memory- report everything, reinstate the context, reverse the order, and change perspective
CognitiveInterview
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The amount of information that can be held in a memory store

Back

Capacity

Card 3

Front

The length of time information can be held in a memory

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The limited- capacity memory store.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The permanent memory store.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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