Memory

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  • Created by: cashj244
  • Created on: 03-04-18 14:36
MULTI STORY MEMORY MODEL
Atkinson & Shiffrin 1968 - 3 separate stores - sensory, short term, long term
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Sensory memory (register)
echoic, iconic, haptic - large capacity
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Long term memory - Schachter et al -
4 types - SEMANTIC - knowledge/ EPISODIC - events in life /PROCEDURAL - skill based
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Two types of long term memory -
Declarative - conscious memory (episodic and semantic) / Procedural - not consciously recalled (riding a bike, cycling)
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THE WORKING MEMORY MODEL (short term memory )- Baddeley and Mitch 1974
STM split into different components - central executive/phonological loop/ visual spatial sketchpad/ episodic buffer
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Interference theory -
Forgetting occurs due to memories competing
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retrieval failure -
Don't have necessary cue to retrieve memory
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retroactive interference -
learning something new disrupts info already stored
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proactive interference -
something you have already learned disrupts something you are trying to learn
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context dependent forgetting -
forgetting when learning and recalling are in different places (classroom/examroom)
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state dependent forgetting -
forgetting when learning and recalling are in different moods or states (drunk)
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Eye Witness testimony
The ability to remember accidents and crimes
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leading questions -
suggest a certain answer - response bias/substitution explanation
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The Cognitive interview -
FISHER AND GEISELMAN 1992 - 4 TECHNIQUES - 1. report everything 2. reinstate the context 3.reverse the order 4.change perspectives
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STM & LTM are different stores - word lists - supported by pet scans
Glanzer et al
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MSM is oversimplifying memory structures
Shallice et al
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Clive Wearing
Lost episodic memory but not procedural
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Loftus & Palmer - car speed
Leading questions (smashed - higher speed)
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Card 2

Front

echoic, iconic, haptic - large capacity

Back

Sensory memory (register)

Card 3

Front

4 types - SEMANTIC - knowledge/ EPISODIC - events in life /PROCEDURAL - skill based

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Declarative - conscious memory (episodic and semantic) / Procedural - not consciously recalled (riding a bike, cycling)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

STM split into different components - central executive/phonological loop/ visual spatial sketchpad/ episodic buffer

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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