Memory

Coding
The format information is stored in in one of the memory stores
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Capacity
The amount of information that can be held in one of the memory stores
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Duration
The length of time information can be held in memory
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STM
The limited capacity memory store
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LTM
The permanent memory store
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Sensory Register
The memory store for each of our five senses
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Episodic memory
A long term store for personal events
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Semantic memory
A long term store for our knowledge of the world
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Procedural memory
A long term store for our knowledge on how to do things
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WMM (Working memory model)
A representation of STM. It suggests STM is a dynamic processor of different types of info using sub-units
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Central executive
The component of the WMM that co-ordinates the activities of the 3 subsystems in memory
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Phonological loop
The component of the WMM that processes sound
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Visuo-spatial sketchpad
The component of the WMM that processes visual and spatial information
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Episodic buffer
The component of the WMM that brings together material from the other subsystems into a single memory rather than separate strands. It also provides a bridge between working memory and long term memory
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Visual cache
Stores visual data
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Inner scribe
Records the arrangement of the objects in the visual field
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Interference
Forgetting because one memory blocks another causing distortion of memories of forgetting
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Proactive interference
When older memories disrupt the recall of newer memories
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Retroactive interference
When new memories disrupt the recall of old memories
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Retrieval failure
A form of forgetting. It occurs when we dont have the necessary cues to access memory. The memory is available but not accessible unless a certain cue is provided
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Cue
A trigger of information that allows us to access a memory
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Eyewitness testimony (EWT)
The ability of people to remember the details of events, such as accidents and crimes, which they have observed.
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Misleading Information
Incorrect information given to the eyewitness usually after the event.
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Leading questions
A question which because of the way its phrased, suggests a certain answer
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Post event discussion
When there is more than one witness to an event and they discuss what they have seen. This can influence the accuracy of recall.
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Anxiety
A state of physical and emotional arousal. Worried thoughts and feelings of tension.
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Cognitive interview
A method of interviewing eyewitnesses to help them retrieve more accurate memories
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The amount of information that can be held in one of the memory stores

Back

Capacity

Card 3

Front

The length of time information can be held in memory

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The limited capacity memory store

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The permanent memory store

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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