Memory

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What is coding?
The format that information is stored in various memory stores.
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What is capacity?
The amount of information that can be held in a memory store.
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What is duration?
The length of time information can be held in memory. STM = between 18 + 30secs. LTM = up to a lifetime.
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What is the MSM?
A model of how memory works in 3 stores - sensory, STM and LTM. Describes how info is passed from one store to another.
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What are the 3 types of LTM?
Episodic - events. Semantic - knowledge. Procedural - skills/actions.
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What is the WMM?
An explanation of how 1 aspect of STM is organised and how it functions. Suggests there are sub-units.
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What is the WMM made up of?
Central executive, phonological loop, visuo-spatial sketchpad and episodic buffer.
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What are the 2 explanations for forgetting?
Interference and retrieval failure
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What are the 2 types of interference?
Proactive - an older memory interferes w/ a newer one. Retroactive - a newer memory interfering w/ an old one.
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What are the 2 types of retrieval failure?
Context-dependent forgetting and state-dependent forgetting.
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What are the factors affecting EWT?
Misleading information and anxiety.
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What are the components of misleading information?
Leading questions and post-event discussion.
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How can you improve the accuracy of EWT?
The cognitive interview
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What are the 4 components of the cognitive interview?
Report everything, reinstate the context, reverse the order and change perspective.
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Card 2

Front

What is capacity?

Back

The amount of information that can be held in a memory store.

Card 3

Front

What is duration?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the MSM?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the 3 types of LTM?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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