Memory

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Roediger, 1992
implicit/ explicit memory known as incidental/intentional during STUDY and implicit/explicit during TEST phases
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Richardson-Klavehn & Bjork, 1998
the instructions for indirect (implicit) tests refer ONLY to the task in hand
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Reber, 1967
proof of implicit memory through the use of (Markovian) artificial grammars (Study - 1. grammatical rule 2. no rule. Results - 1. knew grammar followed a rule but could not explicitly express this rule)
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Destrebecqz & Cleeremans, 2001
experimental dissociation through repetition priming; implicit learning demonstrated as p's weren't intentionally studying words from phase 1 (TOBOGGAN)
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Tulving, 1982
dissociation demonstrated through the differentiation of retention interval for direct tests (recognition) and indirect tests (word-fragment)
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Graf & Schacter, 1987
dissociation of interference theory of retroactive (new-old) and proactive (old-new) interference as both affected direct tests ONLY
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Graf & Mandler, 1984
The Activation View - priming temporarily activates pre-existing representations
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Tulving & Schacter, 1990
Multiple Memory Systems - Procedural, Perceptual Representation System, Primary Memory, Semantic, Episodic are all systems independent of eachother
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Sherry & Schacter, 1987
establishment of different memory systems through this criteria: 1.functional dissociations 2. different brain regions 3. stochastic independence 4. functional incompatibility
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Roediger, 1989
Transfer Appropriate Processing (TAP) 4 assumptions: 1. performance = processing 2. I and E have different retrieval operations 3. indirect = perceptual 4. direct = encoding concepts of meanings
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Blaxton, 1989
Data-Driven: Direct (graphemic cued recall)/ Indirect (word-fragment completion) Concept-Driven: Direct (free recall)/ Indirect (general knowledge)
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Berry, 2008
Unitary Signal Detection Model. influence of memory upon priming and recognition. One memory system, same signal, different noises
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Parkin, 1990
Depth of Processing (semantic vs. non-semantic words). recognition = semantic, priming = non - semantic
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Ratcliff & McKoon, 1997
bias view specifies some process responsible for repetition priming so completes TAP
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Card 2

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the instructions for indirect (implicit) tests refer ONLY to the task in hand

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Richardson-Klavehn & Bjork, 1998

Card 3

Front

proof of implicit memory through the use of (Markovian) artificial grammars (Study - 1. grammatical rule 2. no rule. Results - 1. knew grammar followed a rule but could not explicitly express this rule)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

experimental dissociation through repetition priming; implicit learning demonstrated as p's weren't intentionally studying words from phase 1 (TOBOGGAN)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

dissociation demonstrated through the differentiation of retention interval for direct tests (recognition) and indirect tests (word-fragment)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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