Memory

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Encoding
changing information so that it can be stored
1 of 17
Storage
holding information in the memory system
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Retrieval
recovering information from storage
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Sensory Store
quickly discarded information, not encoded, 5 seconds
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Short term Memory
7 chunks of information, encoded, 15 seconds
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Long term Memory
stored indefinitely with an unlimited capacity, encoded
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Primacy Effect
first information recieved is recalled better than last information recieved
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Recency Effect
information recieved most recently is recalled better than first information
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Retroactive Interference
new information hinders the ability to recall previously learnt information
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Proactive Interference
when something you already know hinders the ability to learn new information
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Retrograde Amnesia
when you're unable to recall events that happened before the accident
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Anterograde Amnesia
not being able to learn any new information after the accident
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Murdock (1962)
list of words to remember
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Craik and Lockhart (1972)
see if type of question effects amount of words remembered
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Bartlett
participants asked to read a novel
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Underwood and Postman (1960)
1 group learn one list of words, 2nd group learn 2 lists
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Loftus and Palmer (1974)
effect of leading questions on accuracy of recall
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

holding information in the memory system

Back

Storage

Card 3

Front

recovering information from storage

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

quickly discarded information, not encoded, 5 seconds

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

7 chunks of information, encoded, 15 seconds

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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