Memory

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: dan.2016
  • Created on: 28-04-16 21:25
Who created the MSM?
Atkinson & Shiffrin
1 of 31
Coding, Capacity and Duration of the SR
Coding - unprocessed/raw , Capacity - very large, Duration - 2-4 seconds
2 of 31
Coding, Capacity and Duration of STM
Coding - visually, acoustically, Capacity - limited 5 - 9 items, Duration - 30 seconds
3 of 31
Who created the WMM?
Baddeley & Hitch
4 of 31
Role of the central executive
co-ordinates WMM, processes info in sensory forms
5 of 31
Role of the phonological loop
deals with auditory information
6 of 31
Role of the visio spatial sketchpad
deals with visual information
7 of 31
Role of the episodic buffer
temporary store of integrated information from the CE, PL VSS and LTM
8 of 31
What are the explicit types of LTM?
Episodic and Semantic
9 of 31
What is the implicit type of LTM?
Procedural
10 of 31
What is Episodic memory?
Autobiographical record of events and personal experiences e.g: birthday
11 of 31
What is Semantic memory?
Based on meanings, knowledge, understandings, e.g: general knowledge
12 of 31
What is Procedural memory?
Controls the performance of action, e.g: walking, riding a bike
13 of 31
What is interference theory?
When similar information in the LTM is confused on recall causing an individual to forget
14 of 31
What are the two types of IT?
Proactive and Retroactive
15 of 31
What is proactive interference?
When old memories interfere with the ability for an individual to remember new memories
16 of 31
What is retroactive interference?
When new memories interferes with the old information in the LTM causing an individual to forget
17 of 31
What is forgetting?
Failure to retrieve memories
18 of 31
What is cue dependent forgetting?
Forgetting due to failure to retrieve prompts that trigger recall
19 of 31
What is context dependent failure?
Form of CDF where recall occurs in an individuals different external environment affecting recall
20 of 31
What is state dependent failure?
Form of CDF where recall occurs in an individuals different internal environment affecting recall
21 of 31
What is repression?
Type of motivated forgetting where memories that cause anxiety are banished into the unconscious mind
22 of 31
What is eyewitness testimony?
Evidence provided by those recalling an event that has taken place
23 of 31
What is a schema?
A set of beliefs that influence an individual to interpret information and behave in a certain way
24 of 31
What is misleading information?
Information that suggests a desired response?
25 of 31
What is post event discussion?
Information added to a memory after the event has occured
26 of 31
Factors affecting EWT
Anxiety, Misleading information,
27 of 31
What is the Yerkes-Dodson inverted U Hypothesis?
The relationship between anxiety levels and performance. Moderate anxiety improves detail but too little or not enough can decline in accuracy of recall.
28 of 31
What is the cognitive interview?
A police procedure used for questioning witnesses which promotes accuracy and detailed recall
29 of 31
Name 1 component of cognitive interview
change of narrative order - eg: recall from end to beginning
30 of 31
What are some important extra features of the enhanced CI?
reducing witness anxiety, asking open ended questions
31 of 31

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Coding, Capacity and Duration of the SR

Back

Coding - unprocessed/raw , Capacity - very large, Duration - 2-4 seconds

Card 3

Front

Coding, Capacity and Duration of STM

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who created the WMM?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Role of the central executive

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Memory resources »