Memory

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Capacity
Measure of how much can be held in memory
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(En)Coding
Way information is changed so that it can be stored in memory. Info enters through the senses.
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Duration
measure of how long a memory lasts before it is no longer available.
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Long term memory
Memory of events that are the past
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Short term memory
Memory of immediate events
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multi-store model of memory
explanation of memory based on 3 separate memory stores and how information is transferred between the stores
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Sensory register
Information collected by the senses- nose, ears, eyes, fingers etc.
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Central executive
monitors and coordinates all of the other mental functions in working model
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Episodic buffer
receives input from many sources temporarily stores this information and the integrates it to construct a mental episode of what is being experienced
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Phonological loop
Codes speech sounds in working memory typically involving maintenence rehearsal
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Visuo-spatial sketchpad
Codes visual information in terms of separate objects and arrangement of the objects
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Working memory model
Explanation of the memory used when working on a task. Each store is qualitatively different
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Episodic memory
Personal memories of events includes contextual details plus emotional tone
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Procedural memory
Memory of how to do things these memories are automatic
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Semantic memory
Shaed memories of facts and knowledge
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Interference
An explanation for forgetting in terms of one memory disrupting the ability to recall another. This is most likely to occur when the two memories have some similarity.
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Proactive interference
Past learning interferes with current attempts to learn something
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Retroactive interference
Current attempts to learn something interfere with past learning
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Cues
Things that serve as a reminder. They may meaningfully link to the material to be remember (or not).
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Retrieval failure
Occurs due to the absence of cues. The idea that the memory is there but not accessible.
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Eyewitness testimony
The evidence provided in court by a person who witnessed a crime, with the view to identifying the perpetrator of the crime.
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Leading question
A question which suggests to the witness what answer is desired or leads to a desired answer
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Misleading information
supplying info that may lead a witness' memory to be altered
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Post event discussion
A conversation between co-witnesses or an inerviewer and an eyewitness after a crime has taken place which may contaminate the witness' memory
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Anxiety
an unpleasant emotional state
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Cognitive interview
A police technique for interviewing witnesses to crime, which encourages them to recreate the original context of the crime in order to increase the accessibly of stored information
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Way information is changed so that it can be stored in memory. Info enters through the senses.

Back

(En)Coding

Card 3

Front

measure of how long a memory lasts before it is no longer available.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Memory of events that are the past

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Memory of immediate events

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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