Memory

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Define Encoding
Changing information so that it can be stored
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Define Storage
Holding information in the memory system
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Define Retrieval
Recovering information from storage
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Define Eyewitness Testimony
Is an account given by people of an event they have witnessed.
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Main features of Multi-Store explanation of memory
Sensory Store- Less than one second- Very limited--- Short term store- Less than one minute-Holds approximately seven chunks of information--- Long term store- Up to a lifetime- Unlimited
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Main features of Reconstructive memory
Altering our recollection of things so that they make more sense to us.
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Main features of Levels of Processing
the depth at which information is thought about when trying to learn it. m (Phonetic Processing, Semantic Processing, Structural Processing)
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Name of a study who investigated the Multi-Store explanation of memory
Atkinson and Shiffrin, Peterson and Peterson, Murdock
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Name of a study who investigated Reconstructive Memory
Bartlett, Wynn and Logie
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Name of a study who investigated the Levels of Processing
Craik and Lockhart
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State factors affecting the reliability of eyewitness testimony
Retroactive Interference, Context, Leading questions, Unfamiliar faces
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Who studied Retroactive Interference
Underwood and Postman
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Who studied Context
Godden and Baddeley, Geiselman et al.
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Who studied Leading Questions
Loftus and Palmer
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Who studied Unfamiliar faces
Bruce and Young
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define Storage

Back

Holding information in the memory system

Card 3

Front

Define Retrieval

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define Eyewitness Testimony

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Main features of Multi-Store explanation of memory

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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