MEMORY

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What is memory?
the mental process involved in encoding, storing and retrieving information.
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What are the three stages of the process of memory and what do they mean?
ENCODING; how information is processed so it can be held in memory. STORAGE; holding info in the memory system until it is needed. RETRIEVAL; accessing the stored info so it can be used.
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what is the capacity of the STM researched by Miller?
7+/-2 chunks of information.
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explain one limitation of the research done by Miller.
Simon (1974) argued that the size of the chunk effects how much info can be held in the STM, the STM can store 7 units if it's one word per chunk but this reduces every time the chunk size is increased. so the size of the STM is more complex.
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how big is the capacity of the LTM?
it is argued to be unlimited.
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Card 2

Front

What are the three stages of the process of memory and what do they mean?

Back

ENCODING; how information is processed so it can be held in memory. STORAGE; holding info in the memory system until it is needed. RETRIEVAL; accessing the stored info so it can be used.

Card 3

Front

what is the capacity of the STM researched by Miller?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

explain one limitation of the research done by Miller.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

how big is the capacity of the LTM?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5

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