Memory - A01 & A02 - Loftus and Palmer (1974)

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What did Loftus and Palmer (1974) study?
The effects of misleading information on eye witness testimony (EWT)
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What did Loftus and Palmer (1974) find?
The group given the word 'smashed' estimated a higher speed than the other group (about 41mph) The group given the word' contacted' estimated lowers speeds (about 30mph)
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What does this suggest/show?
This suggests that the form of the questioning can have a significant effect on witnesses recall.
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A limitation of Loftus and Palmer (1974) study.
Loftus and Palmer (1974) can npt be related to rea life. Cutshall (1986) desptie been asked miss-leading questions, witnesses provided accurate recall that matched their initial detialed report 4 month earlier of an armed robbery.
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What does Cutshall (1986) limitation to Loftus and Palmer (1974) study suggest/show?
That Miss-leaing information doesn't effect thre recall of wintesses in real life.
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A second limitation to Loftus and Palmer (1974) study
Loftus and Palmer (1974) study doesn't consider individual differences. Schacter et al. (1991) found that compared to younger subjects, elderly people have difficulty rememebring the source of their information.
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What does Schacter et al. (1991) limitation to Loftus and Palmer (1974) study suggest/show?
That the eldery and more prone to the effect of misleading information when givin testiomy.
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Card 2

Front

What did Loftus and Palmer (1974) find?

Back

The group given the word 'smashed' estimated a higher speed than the other group (about 41mph) The group given the word' contacted' estimated lowers speeds (about 30mph)

Card 3

Front

What does this suggest/show?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

A limitation of Loftus and Palmer (1974) study.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does Cutshall (1986) limitation to Loftus and Palmer (1974) study suggest/show?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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