Medieval period 1066-1485 AD

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Causes of illness
Poisoning by Jews. Position Saturn, Jupiter and Mars. Bad digestion. Touching the sick or dead. Earthquakes.
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Causes of illness cont.
Poisoning. Corrupted air. Carcasses. Corruption of stagnant water. Angry God!
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Treatments
Promander to ward of bad smells. Burning tapers to clear bad air. Streets cleaned and filth removed. Bleeding & purges.
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Treatments cont.
Cordial & medicinal powders. Avoid crowds. Punishing themselves = flagellation. Fumigation, make houses clean.
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Treatments cont.
Figs and cooked onions, yeast & butter. Soften and cut swelling.
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Medieval towns
Smoke pollution. Cramped houses. Non-flushing toilets. Urine, faeces & mud in the streets. Drainage ditch. Wells next to privvies.
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Medieval towns cont.
Poor food processing. Waste disposal in the river. Falling faeces.
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Housewife-physician
Herbal & plant remedies, charms and spells. Inform training watching others, treats servants/family on manor land.
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Trained physician
Four humours, blood letting/purging, astrology, urine testing, herbal medicines, training from medical school (university), treats the rich.
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Barber-surgeons
Blood letting, basic surgery, amputation, informal training, treats everyone.
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Apothecary
Work with physicians - ointments, herbal medicines, trained by apprenticeship, no formal qualifications, treats those who can pay
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Hospital
Bedside care by nuns and monks, informal training, doesn't treat old people and those with specific illnesses, e.g. leprosy
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Prayer and pilgrimage
Go to holy shrine and pray, no training, anyone can do it.
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The Church: education and training
+Set up universities, +Priests say doctors should do own work, not use Galen, -Banned some books, -Afraid of new ideas, -Accepted Galen, -Women not allowed to go to uni
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The Church: public health
+Fresh water is priority, +Water recycled to flush latrines, -Only for monks/nuns
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The Church: caring for the sick, positive
+Religious duty to care, +Medical schools, +Hospitals run by monks & nuns, +Sick & weak admitted, +Abbott concerned, sick aren't neglected
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The Church: caring for the sick, negative
-Ideas of Galen taught, -Hospitals were small, -No pregnant, lepers, wounded, crippled or insane in some hospitals
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The Church: causes of disease
God causes plagues, famine, wars etc. Supernatural. Devil or planets.
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The Church: treatments
+Herbal gardens, -Write words on jaw for toothache, -Prayer, -Flagellants
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Poisoning. Corrupted air. Carcasses. Corruption of stagnant water. Angry God!

Back

Causes of illness cont.

Card 3

Front

Promander to ward of bad smells. Burning tapers to clear bad air. Streets cleaned and filth removed. Bleeding & purges.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Cordial & medicinal powders. Avoid crowds. Punishing themselves = flagellation. Fumigation, make houses clean.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Figs and cooked onions, yeast & butter. Soften and cut swelling.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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