Medicine through time

HideShow resource information
To do with surgery, what happened in 1845?
Horace Wells tried to extract a tooth painlessly using laughing gas. It was unsuccessful.
1 of 41
What did Dr JC Warren do in 1846?
Removed a tumour from a patients neck using ether
2 of 41
Who discovered chloroform? And when did they do so?
James Simpson. 1847
3 of 41
In 1884, who discovered that cocaine was a local anaesthetic?
Carl Koller
4 of 41
In surgery a patient may die of infection, what did Ignaz Semmelweis do to reduce deaths due to infection and when did he do that?
Forced doctors working on his maternity ward to wash their hands with calcium chloride solution before speaking to patients
5 of 41
Why in 1854, did the number of people dying due to infection caught from the hospital lower?
Hospital cleanliness rose under the influence of Florence Nightingale
6 of 41
What year did Joseph Lister introduce carbolic acid?
1865
7 of 41
Before Joseph Lister brought in carbolic acid, the death rate where he worked was 46 percent. What did he cut it down to?
15
8 of 41
1890 saw the beginnings of what?
Aseptic surgery. Surgeons would now boil their insturments to sterilise them. They also started to use rubber gloves and face masks.
9 of 41
Karl Landsteiner did what and when?
In 1901 he discovered blood groups; being able to match blood meant blood transfusions would be a lot more successful and therefore reduce the amount of patients dying in surgery due to blood loss
10 of 41
In 1938 what was set up?
The National Blood Transfusion Service was set up in Britain
11 of 41
The public were scared of anaesthetics. What made them not so scared anymore?
Queen Victoria gave birth under anaesthetic which lessened public fears
12 of 41
Who discovered laughing gas? And how did they discover it?
Humphrey Davy and whilist he was investigating the different properties of gases
13 of 41
Why is Charles Chamberland important in the development of medicine?
He discovered by chance, the principle of innoculation. He found out by injecting a small dose of chicken cholera into a chicken would make that chicken immune
14 of 41
What did Joseph Lister do in 1881 and 1885?
1881 - developed an effective innoculation against anthrax 1885 - developed an effective innoculation against rabies
15 of 41
What did Paul Ehrlich create? Briefly describe them
Magic bullets - he reasoned that if certain dyes could stain certain bacteria then certain chemicals could kill certain bacteria
16 of 41
Magic bullets were very effective and an improvemnt in the development of medicne. True/false
False - they were ineffective at treating diesease
17 of 41
In 1842, who argued that disease was the main reason for poverty?
Edwin Chadwick
18 of 41
What happenned in 1848, which scared the government into taking action into public health?
A cholera epidemic
19 of 41
When was the first public health act brought in?
1848
20 of 41
When was the second public health act brought in?
1875
21 of 41
What was the main difference between the first public health act and the second?
The first one was optional so not many towns chose to improve public health due to cost. The second one made the acts compulsory
22 of 41
What happened in 1853?
Vaccination against smallpox was made compulsory
23 of 41
How did the Boer war influence public health?
It revealed that over half the population were unfit for service and pressured the government because of that to bring in reforms to improve the average mans life.
24 of 41
What was intoroduced in 1906?
Councils told to provide free meals to poor children
25 of 41
When were old age pensions introduced?
1908
26 of 41
What was introduced in 1911?
National insurance - free medical health care for workers who fell ill
27 of 41
When was the ministry of health se up? And what was its purpose?
1919 - to look after sanitation and diesease as well as training doctors and nurses
28 of 41
What report led to the start of the NHS?
The Beveridge report of 1942
29 of 41
What was the clean air act? And when was it imposed?
1956 - to have smoke free zones to reduce smog in cities
30 of 41
What did the government do in 1934?
Passed the free school milk act
31 of 41
Who came up with the 5 giants? What were the 5 giants?
Sir William Bedridge - the 5 giants were 5 things that Beveridge argued people should have the right to be free of - want, disease, ignorance, squalor and idleness
32 of 41
How did the government try to get doctors to work for the NHS?
Intoroduced a fixed payment for each registered patient
33 of 41
By 1948 what percentage of doctors had joined the NHS?
92 percent
34 of 41
The discovery of penicillin is an example of what helping medicine?
Chance
35 of 41
Who introduced the NHS?
Aneurin Bevan
36 of 41
Briefly describe how Fleming discovered penicillin?
He forgot to clean up one of his petri dishes and then when he came back to clean it it he found a fungal spore had landed on it and grown. He noticed that the bacteria didn't grow around the fungus, therfore the fungus killed the bacteria.
37 of 41
Who found a way to purify penicillin and then produce it on a large scale?
Florey and Chain
38 of 41
What years were Florey and Chain working on a way to mass produce penicillin?
1938 - 1940
39 of 41
Did Britain or America agree to mass produce penicillin?
America.
40 of 41
Who discovered insulin and when?
Fredirick Banting and Charles Best. 1921
41 of 41

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did Dr JC Warren do in 1846?

Back

Removed a tumour from a patients neck using ether

Card 3

Front

Who discovered chloroform? And when did they do so?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

In 1884, who discovered that cocaine was a local anaesthetic?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

In surgery a patient may die of infection, what did Ignaz Semmelweis do to reduce deaths due to infection and when did he do that?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Medicine through time (OCR History A) resources »