Medicine through time

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Where in Egypt could you dissect human bodies in the Greek time period?
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Who founded the four humours idea?
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What were the four humours?
Blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile
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Greek doctors made careful studies of illnesses. In paticular they noted the ...... ....... of the disease
Natural history
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Who realised that prayers were useless against the plague?
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How was Greek civilisation governed?
It divided into city states of which some were democratic and some were dictator ships
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How did Greek doctors get so good at first aid such as setting broken bones?
The city states of Greece were frequently at war so there were a lot of battlefield injuries
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Greek doctors started to examine every patient from head to foot. This is called what?
Clinical observation
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In the Greek period, if a patient came in witha illness, what would the doctor try to do to make them better? And why?
Balance the patients humours, because Hippocrates's four humours was accepted by all doctors and his ideas had been published in many books and were taught at medical school
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What is an Abaton?
The holy temple in an asklepion where patients would sleep, hoping to be visited by Asklepion or his daughters Hygeia and Panacea with their snakes who would cure them
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Who came up with the balance of the opposites theory?
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Name 4 things that would be at a askelpion
Gymnasium, athletics stadium, large baths and an abaton
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People would go to an asklepion to ask the Gods to heal them. And the majority of them would get cured. Why?
Asklepions were situated away from the dirty, busy cities were disease was at its worse. Also the Asklepions were very clean and promoted exercise, cleanliness and long sleeps which the patient would not have done normally.
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What was a programme of health?
This was in the Greek period and was inspired by the work of Hippocrates. It involved eating certain foods in relation to season, keeping clean and going for walks
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What was the Hippocratic oath?
Bound doctors to keep patients illnesses secret and always to do good to the patient and to never poison
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Greek doctors were known to have a good ........ .......
Bedside manner
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When talking about a development in medicne, what six things could it have been influenced by?
War. Government. Trade. Individuals. Science and technology. Attitudes and beliefs in society
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How did the way civilsation was ruled in Greek period differ to how it was ruled in the Roman period?
In greece they had individual city states whereas in Roman times they had one large monolithic empire
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The romans did not allow the dissection of human bodies. True/false
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Why was Galen wrong on many of his anatomical discoveries?
Because he could only dissect on animals and not humans
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Galen accepted the theory of the four humours. True/false
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2 mistakes Galen made in relation to how the body works.
1. He thought that blood was created in the liver and used up as a fuel for the muscles. 2. He thought the jaw bone was made up of two bones
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Why did Roman knowledge of disease not progress?
Because they did not continue the investigations into disease and rejected most Greek ideas
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Card 2


Who founded the four humours idea?



Card 3


What were the four humours?


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Card 4


Greek doctors made careful studies of illnesses. In paticular they noted the ...... ....... of the disease


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Card 5


Who realised that prayers were useless against the plague?


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