Medicine through time- The middle ages

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When were the middle ages?
AD 476-1453
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What was public health like?
Very bad- Towns didn,t have sewers so human waste and garbage was chucked from windows and people rarely washed and exersized
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What did people believe caused disease?
The four humours, demons, sins, MIASMA (bad air), astrology, jewish people and god
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Why didn't medical knowledge improve?
Bad doctors, the forbidding of dissection, belief in superstition and the church insisting people believe Galen's ideas
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Why was the catholic church so important?
Most europeans believed in christianity- whatever ideas the church supported, the people did
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Why didn't people try to disprove Galen's ideas?
The church insisted that Galen's ideas were true so there was no need for investigation
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How did surgery improve?
They discovered natural antiseptics (wine) and anaesthetics (hemlock), external and internal surgery could be performed and there were on battlefields
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Why did people die from surgery?
Equipment wasn't clean (didn't know about dirt carrying disease), they had no strong anaesthetics and people often died from shock or bled to death due to deep wounds
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If you were ill due to a demon, how could it be removed?
Trephining- Drilling into the skull to release it
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Why didn't anybody speak against the church?
If people questioned authority they risked execution
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How did doctors diagnose their patients?
The patients pulse was checked, checking urine samples (colour,taste,smell) or an on-the-spot guess
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What were the types of doctors?
Housewives (wise woman), trained physicians, barber surgeons and apothecaries
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What were trained physicians?
Unsuccessful- only rich could afford them, they had a uni degree and trained with a sucessful physician before
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What treatments did trained physicians use?
Checking urine, using zodiac charts, purging and blood letting
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What were apothecaries?
Sucessful- they were very affordable but wern't trained
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What treatments did apothecaries sell?
Herbal remedies and groceries
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What were barber-surgeons?
Very unsuccessful- they had no training
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What did barber-surgeons do?
They performed minor surgeries such as trephening, bloodletting and drawing teeth
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What were housewives?
Very successful- wise woman were usually the first to be contacted as they were local
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What did housewives do?
They provided herbal remedies/medicines
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Where did the black death come from?
In 1348 it arrived in britain from Asia killing 2 million people
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What was used to cure it?
People smelled posies to counteract MIASMA, some whipped themselves and preyed or bloodlet
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Why did the black death spread so fast?
People had poor body hygiene, public health was bad and houses were cramped with many living in one room
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What hospitals were there?
Leper hospitals that supplied those with leprosy a bed and meals, almshouses that provided elderly people with a bed, meal and herbal remedies and monisteries that looked after pilgrims,beggars and disabled and also gave them food/cloths
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What was medical training like?
Students would learn about Galen's discoveries, read his books and listen to lectures- no experiments took place
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was public health like?

Back

Very bad- Towns didn,t have sewers so human waste and garbage was chucked from windows and people rarely washed and exersized

Card 3

Front

What did people believe caused disease?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why didn't medical knowledge improve?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why was the catholic church so important?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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